BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found Biology 51 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP)
Invented by KeyGene, a Dutch biotech company based in Wageningen, Holland The technique is now merchandised under licence agreement by Perkin Elmer. Selected markers are amplified in a PCR , which makes AFLP an easy and fast tool for strain identification in agriculture , botany , microbiology and animal breeding.

2. Arabidopsis thaliana
Arabidopsis thaliana is a small, weedy flowering plant that has been intensely studied as a model for plant biology and pathology. It has been such a favorite of researchers primarily because it grows rapidly and has a compact genome.

3. Astrobiology (exobiology)
The study of life that potentially exists on planets or celestial bodies other than Earth.

4. Bacillus subtilis
B. subtilis is a Gram-positive , rod-shaped, nonpathogenic bacterium which lives in soil. Its genome has been widely studied and is frequently used in genetic engineering and microbiology experiments.

5. Bio-
A prefix indicating that the word has something to do with life, living things, or the science of biology .

6. Biocenology (cenobiology, biocoenology)
A field of ecology which deals with the study of communities of organisms and the interactions and relationships between the member organisms.

7. Bioconversion
In industrial microbiology, the use of microorganisms to convert an added chemical to a chemically modified form.

8. Biogenetic law (recapitulation theory, "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny")
The theory that " ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny ," which means that one can trace the evolutionary development of a species by studying the development of an individual embryo or young of that species. The theory is still used, especially in paleontology , but has been found to not be strictly true when applied to problems in biology .

9. Biohazard
A risk of exposure to harmful bacteria , virus es, or other dangerous biological agents, particularly those found in genetic recombination studies or in clinical microbiology labs.

10. Biological oceanography
The study of marine plants and animals and the way they interact with the marine environments. Similar to the study of marine biology.


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