BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found ADP 28 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acceptor control
The regulation of the respiration rate, governed by adp 's ability to be a phosphate group acceptor.

2. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
adp is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of two phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. adp is used as an intermediate throughoug glycolysis . ATP hydrolyzes to produce adp and free energy.

3. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Lower energy form of ATP, having two (instead of the three in ATP) phosphhate groups attached to the adenine base and ribose sugar.

4. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
ATP is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of three phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. ATP is present in all living cells and serves as an energy source for many metabolic processes; energy is released when ATP is hydrolyzed into adp . ATP is required for RNA synthesis since it is a direct precursor. It is the single most important molecule in all living things since it serves as the currency for energy in biological systems.

5. ATP synthase
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of phosphate and adp into ATP during oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria and bacteria or photophosphorylation in chloroplast s.

6. ATPase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes ATP into adp and phosphate.

7. Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)
Ambystoma mexicanum, a type of salamander native to Mexico and the Western United States which spends all of its life underwater. Even as an adult animal, the axolotl retains many larval features, most notably its external gills: as a result the axolotl is an excellent example of the phenomenon of neoteny . The axolotl also has four legs and a tadpole-like tail and is an endangered species.

8. Calcium ATPase
A type of ATPase , which is an enzyme that removes a phosphate from an ATP molecule, turning it into adp in the process. The calcium ATPase enzyme needs to have calcium.

9. Chemiosmosis
The process by which ATP is produced in the inner membrane of a mitochondrion . The electron transport system transfers protons from the inner compartment to the outer; as the protons flow back to the inner compartment, the energy of their movement is used to add phosphate to adp , forming ATP.

10. Creatine
A compound which is made by the body and is used to store energy in the form of phosphate molecules. When phosphate molecules are attached to it, it is called creatine phosphate and is capable of donating phosphate to adp in order to make ATP . (ATP is the molecule which is converted into adp with a release of energy that the body then uses.)


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