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Found AIDS 32 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT)
An antibiotic used to treat infection by HIV (the aids virus ). The drug works by blocking replication of the HIV genetic material (in this case it is composed of RNA rather than DNA ) by preventing the viral RNA from inserting into the host DNA.

2. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
A collection of disorders that develop as a result of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) , which attacks helper T cells , crippling the immune system and greatly reducing the body's ability to fight infection; results in premature death brought about by various diseases that overwhelm the compromised immune system.

3. Aggressin
A term for a protein produced by a pathogenic microbe which aids its spread in the host by inhibiting the host's immune system (specifically the response by phagocyte s).

4. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV, human immunodeficiency virus)
Acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. An epidemic disease caused by an infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), a retrovirus that causes immune system failure and debilitation and is often accompanied by cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma as well as secondary infections such as tuberculosis . aids is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.

5. AIDS-related complex (ARC)
A set of symptoms, such as lymph node enlargement, fever, loss of weight, diarrhea, and minor opportunistic diseases associated with a weakened immune system, which indicates a less severe form of infection by the HIV virus than aids itself. In some cases this is diagnosed as a precursor to aids. Also known as "aids-related condition" or "aids-related syndrome".

6. Amylase
There are two commercially-used forms of this starch-hydrolyzing enzyme : * alpha amylase breaks the alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds of starch to yield oligosaccharide s. Slightly different versions of this enzyme are produced by the bacteria Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, B. licheniformis, B. subtilis and the fungus Aspergillus oryzae. Alpha amylase is used to make corn syrup, beer, wallpaper removers, cold-soluble laundry starch, and digestive aids. * beta amylase has exo-alpha-1,4-glucanase activity and acts on linear alpha-1,4-linked glucans, breaking alternate bonds to form maltose. This enzyme is found in most plants but is rare in fungi and bacteria; it is the amylase produced by germinating barley, which is used in beer production.

7. Candida albicans
C. albicans is a species of yeast which is commonly found in the mouth, intestines, and vagina as a part of the human body's normal flora and which normally does not cause problems. However, it can cause candidiasis of the mucous membranes in the mouth (also called thrush) and of the vagina (called vaginitis or simply a yeast infection). It can also cause more serious diseases in people with aids and in chemotherapy patients.

8. CC-CKR-5 gene
A gene which encodes a protein (also called CC-CKR-5) embedded in the surface of immune cells. The HIV virus (the virus which causes aids ) uses the protein to invade the immune cells. People who have one mutated and one working copy of this gene take longer to develop aids after infection with HIV than people who have two working copies of the gene. People who have mutations in both copies of this gene are resistant to HIV infection.

9. Chaperonin
A protein that aids in the correct folding of other proteins and the assembly of multisubunit structures.

10. Condom
This birth control device is a latex (rubber) sleeve that fits snugly over the penis and is used to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection s such as aids , hepatitis , HPV , gonorrhea , herpes and chlamydia . This method of birth control is easy-to-use and relatively inexpensive. Condoms are especially effective when they are used in conjunction with spermicides (creams or jellies that contain chemicals that kill sperm and some disease-causing microorganisms). When properly used, condoms provide a high rate of protection (96% effectiveness) against pregnancy. Heat (such as from storing a condom in a glove compartment on a hot day) and oil-based lubricants can weaken the rubber in condoms and cause them to break. While the vast majority of condoms are latex, some are made from animal membranes; membrane condoms are not effective in preventing the transmission of diseases because viruses and bacteria can pass through microscopic pores in the membrane.

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