BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found ATP 60 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acetic fermentation
A type of fermentation conducted by certain microbes in which organic materials are broken down into acetic acid to generate atp for energy.

2. Active transport
Transport of ions, nutrients or other molecules into a cell against a concentration gradient; this requires the expenditure of energy through atp hydrolysis .

3. Active transport
Transport of molecules against a concentration gradient (from regions of low concentration to regions of high concentration) with the aid of proteins in the cell membrane and energy from atp .

4. Adenine
One of the four nitrogen-containing bases occurring in nucleotides , the building blocks of the organic macromolecule group known as nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). Adenine is also the base in the energy carrying molecule atp (adenosine triphosphate) which is the energy coin of the cell.

5. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
ADP is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of two phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. ADP is used as an intermediate throughoug glycolysis . atp hydrolyzes to produce ADP and free energy.

6. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Lower energy form of atp, having two (instead of the three in atp) phosphhate groups attached to the adenine base and ribose sugar.

7. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
atp is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of three phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. atp is present in all living cells and serves as an energy source for many metabolic processes; energy is released when atp is hydrolyzed into ADP . atp is required for RNA synthesis since it is a direct precursor. It is the single most important molecule in all living things since it serves as the currency for energy in biological systems.

8. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A common form in which energy is stored in living systems; consists of a nucleotide (with ribose sugar) with three phosphate groups. The energy coin of the cell.

9. Adenylate cyclase
This is an enzyme responsible for the catalysis of cAMP from atp .

10. Anoxygenic photosynthesis
A type of photosynthesis in green and purple bacteria in which oxygen is not produced. Use of light energy to synthesize atp by cyclic photophosphorylation without oxygen production in green and purple bacteria.


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