BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found Guillain-Barre syndrome 2 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Guillain-Barre Syndrome (acute idiopathic polyneuritis)
A rare disease in which the body's immune system attacks the nerves of the peripheral nervous system , damaging the protective myelin sheath s surrounding the nerves and sometimes damaging the nerve axon s. Symptoms have a range of severity and can include abnormal sensations (such as numbness, pins and needles, vibrations, etc.), muscle weaknesses (due to the destruction of the nerves which carry signals to the affected muscles), aches and pains, and paralysis. The cause of Guillain-Barre Syndrome is unknown; often it is triggered by a virus infection (like hepatitis , mononucleosis , etc.). The disease occurs in both sexes and at any age. Treatment for the disease consists of treating the different symptoms as they arise and rehabilitation. Most patients (around 90%) recover without serious long-term disabilities between six months and two years after the syndrome begins. The 1-5% death rate is usually due to respiratory or cardiovascular complications.

2. Plasmapheresis
This is a medical method in which some blood is removed from a person. The blood cells, after being separated from the plasma (usually via centrifugation ), are returned to the person. It has been speculated that this method removes certain proteins that are deleterious to the person, such as autoantibodies. Some limited success has been achieved in the treatment of conditions including: myasthenia gravis (MG), Eaton-Lambert syndrome (ELS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), paraproteinemia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and multiple sclerosis (MS).