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Found Alcohol 52 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acetone (2-propanone)
A colorless, flammable liquid which is used as a solvent (it is most familiar as the solvent in nail polish remover). The simplest ketone , it mixes with water, ethyl alcohol , and most oils. It melts at -95.4 C. and boils at 56.2 C. It is naturally found in very tiny quantities in the body fluids and tissues of healthy people and in somewhat larger amounts in people suffering from diabetes or starvation.

2. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
An odorless, white, slightly bitter drug used to reduce pain, fever, inflammation and sometimes to prevent blood clotting. Some people cannot tolerate it because it can cause stomach bleeding, however. It is soluble in both water and alcohol and melts at 132 - 136 C.

3. Acid-fast stain
A staining technique used to determine the cell wall property of a microorganism. After stained with dye such as hot carbol fuschin, an acid-fast organism, (.e.g. Mycobacterium species) will retain the color in its cell wall after being washed with acid-alcohol.

4. Addiction (substance abuse)
This is the state of being physically or psychologically dependent on some substance. Common abused substances include: * ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) * opioids (opium, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone, meperidine [Demerol]) * hallucinogens (LSD, psilocybin, DMT, morning glory seeds) * mescaline, MDA, PMA, STP * amphetamines * cocaine * inhalants (solvents and aerosols)

5. Alcohol
An organic chemical containing one or more hydroxyl groups (-OH). alcohols can be liquids, semisolids or solids at room temperature. Common alcohols include ethanol ("grain alcohol," the type found in alcoholic beverages) methanol (aka "wood alcohol," can cause blindness and other nervous system damage if ingested) and propanol.

6. Alcohol
Ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol, the spirit in wine, is classified as a sedative-hypnotic drug. The criminal code of Canada states that it is an offence while the person's ability to operate or has control of a motor vehicle or vessel is impaired by alcohol or a drug or while the person's blood levels of alcohol exceed 80 mg/dL. Impaired driving performance has been observed with serum levels of ethanol as low as 30 mg/dL. A serum level above 300 mg/dL usually produces coma. Intoxication of alcohol is associated with violence, suicide, child and spouse abuse, respiratory depression, stupor, vomiting, predisposing to Mallory-Weiss Syndrome, hypoglycemia, cardiac arrhythmia, seizures. Chronic ingestion is associated with liver cirrhosis and withdrawal symptoms (Delirium Tremens).Two groups of alcohol drinkers are indentifiable based on the pattern of drinking: the problem drinkers and the ones with severe alcohol dependence. * Methyl alcohol, also known as methanol, or wood alcohol can also produce the sensation of being "drunk". However, ingestion of large quantities of methanol can cause visual disturbances (blindness via neurological damage), and a metabolic acidosis and is a medical emergency necessitating fluid resuscitation, respiratory care, ethanol infusion to block the building up of toxic products and dialysis. * Isopropyl alcohol is rubbing alcohol; it is poisonous.

7. Aldose reductase inhibitor
A class of drugs being studied as a way to prevent eye and nerve damage in people with diabetes . Aldose reductase is an enzyme that is normally present in the eye and in many other parts of the body. It helps change glucose (sugar) into a sugar alcohol called sorbitol. Too much sorbitol trapped in eye and nerve cells can damage these cells, leading to retinopathy and neuropathy . Drugs that prevent or slow (inhibit) the action of aldose reductase are being studied as a way to prevent or delay these complications of diabetes.

8. Berberine (berberin)
A toxic organic substance with the chemical formula C20H19NO5 which is found in the roots of certain plants such as barberry and golden seal. It kills amoeba s (is an amebicide ) and is used to treat cholera . It cannot be dissolved in water, but is soluble in alcohol and ether. It has a melting point of 145 degrees Celsius when dry. As a solid, it is a white to yellow crystalline alkaloid .

9. Brewing
The manufacture of alcoholic beverages such as beer from the fermentation of malted grains.

10. Calcium carbimide (Temposil)
This drug is used to treat alcoholism; if a person takes this drug and then drinks any alcohol at all, they will get sick (headache, nausea, vertigo, etc.)

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