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Found Antibiotic 73 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT)
An antibiotic used to treat infection by HIV (the AIDS virus ). The drug works by blocking replication of the HIV genetic material (in this case it is composed of RNA rather than DNA ) by preventing the viral RNA from inserting into the host DNA.

2. Actinomycin D
A relatively toxic antibiotic produced by the fungus like bacterium Streptomyces parvallum. It inhibits RNA transcription in eukaryotes and has antitumor properties, so it is often used in conjunction with other drugs in chemotherapy .

3. Adriamycin (doxorubicin injection)
An antibiotic manufactured by Pharmacia which is used to treat certain types of cancer (such as breast carcinoma s). It is also a cardiotoxin and can cause heart failure at high cumulative dosages (above a total dose of 300 mg/m2).

4. Alpha amanitin
An antibiotic derived from the Amanita mushroom which acts by interfering with the function of RNA polymerase .

5. Aminoglycoside antibiotics
A group of antibacterial drugs (such as kanamycin , neomycin and streptomycin ) which are mostly produced by fungi and which contain an amino sugar , and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol ring, and other sugar residues. They are all broad-spectrum antibiotic s that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by binding to their ribosome s. However, all these drugs are toxic to humans and aren't used except in special situations.

6. Aminoglycoside-3'-phosphotransferase (APH)
A bacterial enzyme which confers resistance to the antibiotic neomycin .The APH gene is used as a selectable marker in genetic experiments, whereby bacterial cells which do not have the gene are eliminated from a population and thus selected against when exposed to neomycin.

7. Amoxicillin
This is an antibiotic of the penicillin class. It is related closely to ampicillin but is better absorbed in the intestines.

8. Amphotericin
One of two antifungal antibiotic s: * Amphotericin A: The less active form of the antibiotic produced by the bacteria Streptomyces nodosus. It is not used clinically. * Amphotericin B: An antibiotic produced by the bacteria Streptomyces nodosus which is used to treat a wide variety of fungal infections. Formula: C47H73NO17.

9. Ampicillin
An antibiotic that is basically penicillin to which an amino group has been added to make the drug more versatile. Ampicillin works by inhibiting bacteria's ability to grow cell walls.

10. Antibiogram
The sensitivity pattern of a given bacterial or fungal strain to a specific antibiotic .

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