BioScience Dictionary

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Found Autosomal dominant 17 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alport's syndrome (Alport syndrome)
Alport's syndrome consists of progressive nephritis , nerve deafness, leading to kidney failure in the second to third decades of life. Autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance are noted.

2. Autosomal dominant (autosomal dominance)
This is a type of genetic inheritance ; a person who carries the gene on one allele will express (experience effects from) that gene. An autosomal dominant gene can be inherited from a single affected parent; both sons and daughters have an equal chance of inheriting the gene.

3. Chorea
Chorea is an involuntary, uncoordinated, rapid, jerky type of movement of brief duration. Such movement, although variable, is continual. The best known chorea is the Hungtington's chorea , an autosomal dominant inherit ed disease.

4. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is characterized by a collagen abnormality resulting in hyperelasticity and fragile tissues. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition.

5. Familial adenomatous polyposis
Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant genetic condition in which affected individuals has a tendency to develop numerous adenoma s in the colon. These adenomas will invariably become colon cancers in time.

6. Gilbert's syndrome
Gilbert's syndrome is an inherited autosomal dominant genetic disease with incomplete penetrance and is characterised by mild glucuronyl transferase deficiency. As a result, patients display unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia . Males are affected more often than females. Affected individuals (constitute 3-7% of the general population) are often without symptoms and their prognosis is excellent.

7. Huntington's disease (Huntington's chorea)
Huntington's disease is a genetic disease with onset between 30 to 50 years of age and characterized by chorea (involuntary movements), behavior changes and dementia. The defect in on the short arm of chromosome 4 and is an autosomal dominant inherited condition.

8. IHSS (idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis)
Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis is a form of cardiomyopathy in which the apex or septum of the heart is hypertrophied such that together with the anterior mitral valve leaflet, an obstruction to blood flow during systole is formed. In some cases it is an autosomal dominant trait with variable expression.

9. Marfan's syndrome
Marfan's syndrome is characterized by extremely long fingers and toes, increased range of motion of joint s, subluxationof ocular lenses, cataract formation at an early age, tendency to have bony deformities and thoracic aortic aneurysm . It is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition.

10. Noonan's syndrome
Noonan's syndrome is characterized by short stature, low-set ears, webbed neck and congenital heart diseases. This syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition.