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Found Basic 44 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alkaloids
A class of over 3000 known nitrogen-containing compounds (such as morphine, caffeine, cocaine and nicotine ) that are typically basic ( pH over 7) and are produced by plants but have strong physiological effects on animals (including humans). They are synthesized from amino acid precursors such as tryptophan and tyrosine .

2. Alkalophile (alkalinophile, basophile)
A microorganism which grows best in alkaline, or basic , environments, where the pH is between 7 (neutral) and 12.

3. Alkalosis
A metabolic illness caused when the body's ability to buffer hydroxide (OH-) ion s is compromised, typically causing a rise in blood pH (the blood becomes more basic ). Compare acidosis .

4. Ammonia
* The common name for NH3, a strongly basic , irritating, colorless gas which is lighter than air and readily soluble in water. It is formed in nature as a by-product of protein metabolism in animals. Industrially, it is used in explosives, fertilizer, refrigerants, household cleaning solutions, etc. * Ammonium hydroxide (NH4+), a solution of ammonia gas in water.

5. Ampicillin
An antibiotic that is basically penicillin to which an amino group has been added to make the drug more versatile. Ampicillin works by inhibiting bacteria's ability to grow cell walls.

6. Animal cell culture
Mammalian cells are fragile and harder to grow than other cell types, but their large-scale culturing is an economic boon because it allows for the production of protein s that are otherwise difficult/expensive/unethical to extract from living organisms. There are two basic ways of culturing animal cells: * The cells are immobilized on a substrate and then perfused with culture medium ; * The cells are in a free suspension which is very gently mixed and aerated.

7. Base
Any basic (alkaline) compound containing nitrogen , but generally referring to one of four complex molecules ( nucleotide s) that form the building blocks of the nucleic acids, DNA and RNA .

8. Basic anhydride
A chemical (usually the oxide of a metal) which forms a base when it's mixed with water.

9. Basophil
A granulocyte that has a two-lobed nucleus and is easily stained by basic dyes.

10. Basophil (basiphil)
* A type of white blood cell which can be easily stained with alkaline ( basic ) dyes. It has a nucleus with two lobes and it carries around substances like histamine and a hormone called serotonin. * Any structure, cell, or other bodily object which stains easily with alkaline dyes.

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