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Found Cell biology 5 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Brassica (Brassicaceae, Cruciferae)
A genus of plants belonging to the mustard family Brassicaceae. The whole family includes a total of 376 different genera and 3,200 different species . The family is also known as "Cruciferae" because the four petaled flowers of these plants look like crosses. The plants are distributed worldwide and have annual (living one year), biennial (living two years) and perennial (living many years) members. Member species of genus Brassica include Brassica napus which produces rapeseed or canola oil; Brassica nigra which produces yellow mustard; Brassica oleracea whose subspecies and strains include kale and collard greens (B. oleracea acephala), broccoli (B. oleracea botrytis), cauliflower (B. oleracea cauliflora), head cabbage (B. oleracea capitata), brussel sprouts (B. oleracea gemmifera), and kohlrabi (B. oleracea gongycoides); and Brassica rapa, whose subspecies include pak choi (B. rapa chinensis), Chinese cabbage (B. rapa pekinensis), and turnip (B. rapa rapifera). Also, one subspecies of B. rapa is used as a model organism to study genetics , molecular biology , plant breeding, cell biology , and physiology ; it is called the "rapid cycling" Brassica or RCBr or the Wisconsin Fast PlantTM , and was developed specifically for scientific study. Additionally, the radish Raphanus sativus is a member of the Brassicaceae family. The full taxonom ic classification is kingdom Plantae, division Tracheophyta, subdivision Spermatophyta, class Angiospermae, subclass Dicotyledeonae, order Papaverales, family Brassicaceae.

2. Cell biology
The study of the cell and its components ( organelle s and other structures) and processes (growth, functions, behaviors, reproduction, etc).

3. Cellular microbiology
A new discipline emerging at the interface between cell biology and microbiology . One major focus of this new field is on the interference of pathogenic bacteria with many eukaryotic cell functions, such as maturation of intracellular compartments, internal cellular communication, or even cell division and differentiation. The study of cellular microbiology in this respect, is providing a sophisticated tool kit for mammalian cell biologists. (Ref: Science 271:315, 1996).

4. Chlamydomonas
A genus of green algae consisting of more than 600 species worldwide, living in marine, freshwater, soil, and even snow environments. They are single cell ed eukaryotic organisms ranging from 5 to 100 micrometers long which can be roughly spherical, egg shaped, or elliptical. Most species have two flagella (coming out the same side) for swimming. Most of the time they are haploid and reproduce by dividing into two ( binary fission ); when they are stressed they can form gamete s which fuse to form diploid cyst s which later divide into four haploid cells. Taxonomically they have been classified under plants, animals, and protist s. Several species from this genus are important model organisms for the study of cell biology , molecular biology , genetics , plant physiology , and biotechnology . The species most commonly used in scientific experiments is Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (also known as C. reinhardi or C. reinhardii).

5. Drosophila (fly)
A genus of small flies which are extensively used as test animals to study genetics , cell biology , and developmental biology . The most well-known species used is Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly.

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