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Found Cellulose 23 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acetate
A salt or ester of acetic acid ; specifically, a synthetic textile fiber made from partially hydrolyzed cellulose acetate, or a plastic-like film made from cellulose triacetate.

2. Amylose
One of two types of glucose polymer s that together make up starch. (Amylopectin is the other type.) Amylose is the portion of starch that is soluble in water. The chemical structure of amylose is very similar to that of cellulose .

3. Cell wall
Structure produced by some cells outside their cell membrane; variously composed of chitin , peptidoglycan, or cellulose.

4. Cellulase
An enzyme that breaks down cellulose to cellobiose, a sugar composed of two glucose units.

5. Cellulose
A polysaccharide that serves as a structural molecule in plants; only certain types of microbes can break down cellulose, and thus herbivores frequently harbor cellulose-digesting bacteria in their digestive systems. cellulose is the main component of paper and can be used to synthesize alcohol .

6. Cellulose synthase
A enzyme which assembles sugar molecules into cellulose (a major component of the cell wall s of plant cells).

7. Cellulose
A polysaccharide that is composed of unbranched chains of glucose ; the major structural carbohydrate of plants, insoluble in water, and indigestible in the human intestine.

8. Cellulosome
An organelle (essentially an organ within a cell ) which breaks down cellulose (a structural carbohydrate found in plants) and is found in certain bacteria (specifically the ones which can digest cellulose).

9. Cohesion-adhesion theory
Describes the properties of water that help move it through a plant. Cohesion is the ability of water molecules to stick together (held by hydrogen bonds ), forming a column of water extending from the roots to the leaves; adhesion is the ability of water molecules to stick to the cellulose in plant cell walls, counteracting the force of gravity and helping to lift the column of water.

10. Colony hybridization
A genetics lab technique used to identify which colonies of bacteria on an agar plate contain a particular sequence of DNA or a particular gene . The technique involves pressing a nylon or nitrocellulose membrane onto the plate so that each colony contributes a small smudge of itself to the membrane, then treating the membrane with chemicals and heat, then washing the membrane with a labeled probe to find the specific DNA sequence. The smudges which are indicated by the probe are then compared back to the colonies on the agar plate. This technique is often used in conjunction with experiments involving the making of genomic libraries.

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