BioScience Dictionary

 
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Ot.

Found Chemotherapy 24 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Abrin (agglutinin, toxalbumin)
A highly poisonous protein found in the seeds of Abrus precatorius, the rosary pea. Abrin is toxic because it inhibits protein synthesis, causing symptoms such as internal bleeding, intestinal upset, and the irritation of mucous membranes. It was formerly used to treat some chronic eye disorders and it is currently being researched as a potential chemotherapy drug.

2. Actinomycin D
A relatively toxic antibiotic produced by the fungus like bacterium Streptomyces parvallum. It inhibits RNA transcription in eukaryotes and has antitumor properties, so it is often used in conjunction with other drugs in chemotherapy .

3. Adjuvant therapy
Cancer treatment that involves surgery followed by additional treatment with chemotherapy drugs and/or radiation to reduce the risk that the cancer will return.

4. BACON
"Bleomycin," "Adriamycin," "CCNU (lomustin)," "Oncovin," and "nitrogen mustard": A combination of drugs used in cancer chemotherapy treatment.

5. BACOP
"Bleomycin," "Adriamycin," "cyclophosphamide," "Oncovin," and "prednisone": a combination of drugs used as a chemotherapy treatment for malignant lymphoma .

6. Candida albicans
C. albicans is a species of yeast which is commonly found in the mouth, intestines, and vagina as a part of the human body's normal flora and which normally does not cause problems. However, it can cause candidiasis of the mucous membranes in the mouth (also called thrush) and of the vagina (called vaginitis or simply a yeast infection). It can also cause more serious diseases in people with AIDS and in chemotherapy patients.

7. Carboplatin (Paraplatin)
An injected chemotherapy drug which is typically used to treat advanced ovarian cancer ( carcinoma ). Side effects include lowered blood cell counts (all types), nausea and diarrhea, hair loss, pain and other neurologic problems.

8. Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is a group of chronic disorders affecting the muscle of the heart resulting in impairment of the pumping function of the heart. This could be secondary to viral infection, malnutrition, alcoholism, amyloidosis, chemotherapy with doxorubicin, and metastasis to the heart. However, the cause of cardiomyopathy is usually not known.

9. Chemosensitizers
Drugs or chemicals that enhance the therapeutic effects of chemotherapy drugs and therefore improve their effectiveness.

10. Chemotherapy
Loosely, the use of chemicals to treat cancer ; more specifically, the treatment of cancer with drugs designed to selectively kill faster-growing tumor cell s.


View web definitions »

Learn more about Chemotherapy »