BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found Diabetes 57 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. ACE Inhibitor (ACE inhibitor)
A type of drug used to lower blood pressure. Studies indicate that it may also help prevent or slow the progression of kidney disease in people with diabetes .

2. Acetohexamide (Dymelor)
A pill taken to lower the level of glucose in the blood. Only some people with non insulin -dependent diabetes take these pills.

3. Acetone (2-propanone)
A colorless, flammable liquid which is used as a solvent (it is most familiar as the solvent in nail polish remover). The simplest ketone , it mixes with water, ethyl alcohol , and most oils. It melts at -95.4 C. and boils at 56.2 C. It is naturally found in very tiny quantities in the body fluids and tissues of healthy people and in somewhat larger amounts in people suffering from diabetes or starvation.

4. Albuminuria
More than normal amounts of a protein called albumin in the urine. Albuminuria may be a sign of kidney disease, a problem that can occur in people who have had diabetes for a long time.

5. Aldose reductase inhibitor
A class of drugs being studied as a way to prevent eye and nerve damage in people with diabetes . Aldose reductase is an enzyme that is normally present in the eye and in many other parts of the body. It helps change glucose (sugar) into a sugar alcohol called sorbitol. Too much sorbitol trapped in eye and nerve cells can damage these cells, leading to retinopathy and neuropathy . Drugs that prevent or slow (inhibit) the action of aldose reductase are being studied as a way to prevent or delay these complications of diabetes.

6. Angiopathy (macroangiopathy, microangiopathy)
Disease of the blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries) that occurs when someone has diabetes for a long time. There are two types of angiopathy: macroangiopathy and microangiopathy. In macroangiopathy, fat and blood clots build up in the large blood vessels, stick to the vessel walls, and block the flow of blood. In microangiopathy, the walls of the smaller blood vessels become so thick and weak that they bleed, leak protein, and slow the flow of blood through the body. Then the cells, for example, the ones in the center of the eye, do not get enough blood and may be damaged.

7. Antidiabetic agent
A substance that helps a person with diabetes control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood so that the body works as it should. See: insulin .

8. Arteriosclerosis
A group of diseases in which the walls of the arteries get thick and hard. In one type of arteriosclerosis, fat builds up inside the walls and slows the blood flow. These diseases often occur in people who have had diabetes for a long time. See also: atherosclerosis .

9. Atherosclerosis
One of many diseases in which fat builds up in the large- and medium-sized arteries. This buildup of fat may slow down or stop blood flow. This disease can happen to people who have had diabetes for a long time.

10. Autoimmune disease
Disorder of the body's immune system in which the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys body tissue that it believes to be foreign. insulin -dependent diabetes is an autoimmune disease because the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cell s.


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