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Found Endocrine 21 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. APUD cells
"Amine Precursor Uptake and Decarboxylation": a group of apparently unrelated endocrine cell s found throughout the body which have a number of similar characteristics and which make a number of hormone s with similar structures (including serotonin , epinephrine , dopamine , neurotensin, and norepinephrine).

2. Carcinoid syndrome
Carcinoid syndrome consists of facial flushing, head and neck edema, abdominal cramps and diarrhea, bronchospasm, pulmonic and tricuspid valves lesions and increased urinary excretion of 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid). It is caused by the proliferation of carcinoid tumors (serotonin-producing neuroendocrine tumors that occur mainly in the small intestine and liver).

3. Carcinoids (gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors)
Yellow, cancerous tumor s of hormone-making cells in the gastrointestinal tract (specifically, they are classed as neuroendocrine or amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation tumors). They produce excess endocrine s such as kallikrein (an activator of bradykinin release) and serotonin . These tumors can be found in the intestine, stomach, or sometimes on the liver. In later stages, this type of cancer causes symptoms such as diarrhea, wheezing, heart murmurs, enlarged liver, and a dusky appearance to the skin. Carcinoids can be diagnosed with a urine test or with a CAT scan.

4. Chlorinated organics
Any organic chemical which includes chlorine atoms. A class of water pollutants. Chlorinated organic compounds, along with other halogenated organics, are believed to cause health risks such as cancer , endocrine system disruption, birth defects, compromised immune system s, and reduced fertility. Examples of chlorinated organics include trichloroethylene, ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride, PCBs, chlorobenzene, and many chlorinated solvents and biocide s.

5. Circulatory system
One of eleven major body organ systems in animals; transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, and waste products between cells and the respiratory system and carries chemical signals from the endocrine system ; consists of the blood, heart, and blood vessels.

6. Corpus luteum (yellow body)
A temporary endocrine gland which forms from the remains of the ovarian follicle after an ovum (egg) has been released, rupturing the follicle in the process. The gland can secrete both progesterone and estrogen , two female hormone s which play a role during pregnancy. The gland disappears if pregnancy does not occur.

7. Cystic fibrosis
About half of cystic fibrosis patients first appear for medical care as failure-to-thrive infants with recurrent respiratory problems such as infections, and small airway obstructions. 15% appear for medical care because of intestinal obstruction due to the presence of thick meconium in the large bowel. More than 95% of males affected with cystic fibrosis are infertile. The problem is in the excretion of an abnormal mucus that obstructs exocrine glands (glands that excrete outside of the body as versus endocrine glands that excrete into the circulation). The protein that is defective is the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) which is involved in chloride channel activity. The disease is autosomal recessive inherited condition affecting 1 in 2000 Caucasian births; the disease is caused by an abnormal gene on chromosome 7. Cystic fibrosis is diagnosed by symptoms coupled with a sweat sodium and chloride test. Sweat sodium and chloride values: sodium: normal: < 70 mEq/L, abnormal: > 90 mEq/L, borderline: 70 to 90 mEq/L. chloride: normal: < 50 mEq/L, abnormal: > 60 mEq/L, borderline: 50 to 60 mEq/L

8. Endocrine gland
A gland , such as the pituitary or thyroid , that secretes its products directly into the bloodstream. Compare exocrine gland.

9. Endocrine system
One of eleven major body organ systems in animals; a system of glands that works with the nervous system in controlling the activity of internal organs, especially the kidneys, and in coordinating the long-range response to external stimuli.

10. Endocrinologist
A doctor who treats people who have problems with their endocrine glands. diabetes is an endocrine disorder.


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