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Found Endometrial 5 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Endometrial biopsy
The removal of a fragment of the lining of the uterus for study under a microscope .

2. Endometrium (adj.: endometrial)
The tissue lining the uterus ; it is sloughed off during the woman's menstrual period, and afterward grows back and slowly gets thicker and thicker until the next period.

3. Hormone replacement
This is therapy for the failure of the respective organ to produce a certain hormone . It involves the administration of the hormone orally (e.g. L-thyroxine ), transdermally (e.g. estrogen ), or subcutaneously. In the case of ovarian failure, estrogen is often given transdermally. If the patient has a uterus, concomitant administration of progestrone is needed or else endometrial hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma may be caused by unopposed estrogen.

4. Papanicolaou smear (Pap smear)
This is the microscopic examination of the cell samples taken from the cervical canal and in the squamocolumnar junction for abnormal cells. This is a test for the early detection of cervical cancer. Positive results warrant further diagnostic procedures such as: cervical biopsy, conization of cervix, endometrial biopsy, or dilatation and curettage. The National Cancer Institute recommends that women who are or have been sexually active, or have reached age 18, should have a regular Pap smear and a physical examination. There is no upper age limit for Pap smears. A Pap smear is also indicated before a woman is to be prescribed an oral contraceptive for the first time. Reporting of Pap smear: Classifications: Class I: normal, Class II: slightly abnormal, repeat, ClassIII: abnormal, biopsy, Class IV: possible malignant: biopsy, Class V: malignant. Dysplasia classification according to the "Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)" system: CIN I: mild dysplasia, CIN II: moderate dysplasia, CIN III: severe dysplasia and/or carcinoma in situ

5. Salpingoo-oophorectomy
Salpingoo-oophorectomy is surgery to remove the fallopian tube (salpingectomy) and the ovary (oophorectomy). This procedure is usually done together with hysterectomy for a variety of reasons such as: ectopic pregnancy , endometrial carcinoma of the uterus, benign tumors of the ovary (cystadenomas and solid tumors) in women approaching menopause or after menopause, and extensive endometriosis . The procedure: for an uncomplicated procedure, it takes 1 1/2 hours to 2 hours with little chance of blood transfusion. Abdominal approach with phannenstiel (bikini) incisions or midline incisions are often used. Some patients are suitable candidates for laparoscopic approach (with 4 small incisions for the laparoscope and instruments). Material effects, risks and side effects: Infertility if the procedure is performed for both sides or if the procedure is performed on one side and the remaining side is not functional. Removal of the ovaries results in reduction in the level of circulating female hormone s and associated side effects. There are also risks associated with anesthesia .

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