BioScience Dictionary

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Found Endometriosis 5 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. CA-125 tumor marker
This is a protein measured in blood samples. It is produced by a variety of cells, but particularly by ovarian cancer cells. It is used as a tuomor marker to confirm the suspicion of ovarian cancer and to follow the presence of residual or recurrence of ovarian cancer after surgery. Its blood levels may be elevated in pregnant women and patients with breast and colorectal cancers, endometriosis , ovarian cysts, fibroid s, cirrhosis , hepatitis , or pancreatitis . (Normal range is 0-35 u/mL).

2. Danazol (Danocrine)
A synthetic androgen frequently prescribed for endometriosis .

3. Endometriosis
Growth of the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium ) outside the uterus, usually in the lower abdomen. This mislocated tissue bleeds during the woman's period, causing pain and inflammation.

4. Laparoscopy (diagnostic laparoscopy)
This is a visual examination of abdominal contents to rule out ectopic pregnancy, ruptured ovarian cysts, endometriosis, and fibroids. Some surgical procedures can be carried out with laparoscopes. * The procedure: A periumbilical incision is made. After the abdominal cavity is inflated with carbon dioxide through a small needle inserted into the incision, the laparoscope is introduced. One to two other incisions each about 0.5 to 1 cm diameter is made around the suprapubic area. * Alternative courses of action: depend on the medical condition for which laparoscopy is indicated. * Material effects, risks and side effects: residual carbon dioxide may irritate the diaphragm causing shoulder pain for up to 12 hours; potential for trauma to the bladder, bowel and blood vessels, in which case, open laparotomy will be done. * Consequences of not having the treatment: depend on the medical condition for which laparoscopy is indicated.

5. Salpingoo-oophorectomy
Salpingoo-oophorectomy is surgery to remove the fallopian tube (salpingectomy) and the ovary (oophorectomy). This procedure is usually done together with hysterectomy for a variety of reasons such as: ectopic pregnancy , endometrial carcinoma of the uterus, benign tumors of the ovary (cystadenomas and solid tumors) in women approaching menopause or after menopause, and extensive endometriosis . The procedure: for an uncomplicated procedure, it takes 1 1/2 hours to 2 hours with little chance of blood transfusion. Abdominal approach with phannenstiel (bikini) incisions or midline incisions are often used. Some patients are suitable candidates for laparoscopic approach (with 4 small incisions for the laparoscope and instruments). Material effects, risks and side effects: Infertility if the procedure is performed for both sides or if the procedure is performed on one side and the remaining side is not functional. Removal of the ovaries results in reduction in the level of circulating female hormone s and associated side effects. There are also risks associated with anesthesia .