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Found Eukaryotes 19 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Actinomycin D
A relatively toxic antibiotic produced by the fungus like bacterium Streptomyces parvallum. It inhibits RNA transcription in eukaryotes and has antitumor properties, so it is often used in conjunction with other drugs in chemotherapy .

2. Calvin cycle
(aka Calvin-Benson Cycle or Carbon fixation) Series of biochemical, enzyme -mediated reactions during which atmospheric carbon dioxide is reduced and incorporated into organic molecules, eventually some of this forms sugars. In eukaryotes , this occurs in the stroma of the chloroplast .

3. Cellular respiration
The transfer of energy from various molecules to produce ATP ; occurs in the mitochondria of eukaryotes , the cytoplasm of prokaryotes . In the process, oxygen is consumed and carbon dioxide is generated.

4. Centriole
Paired cellular organelle which functions in the organization of the mitotic spindle during cell division in eukaryotes .

5. Contractile vacuole
Organelle in many eukaryotes that acts as a bilge pump in the active transport of excess water from the cell.

6. Endosymbiosis
Theory that attempts to explain the origin of the DNA-containing mitochondria and chloroplasts in early eukaryotes by the engulfing of various types of bacteria that were not digested but became permanent additions to the ancestral "eukaryote".

7. Eukaryote (eucaryote, eukaryotic cell, eucaryotic cell)
Cell or organism with a membrane-bound, structurally discrete nucleus and other well-developed subcellular compartments. eukaryotes include all organisms except virus es, bacteria , and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). Compare prokaryote .

8. Eukaryote
A type of cell found in many organisms including single-celled protists and multicellular fungi, plants, and animals; characterized by a membrane-bounded nucleus and other membraneous organelles; an organism composed of such cells. The first eukaryotes are encountered in rocks approximately 1.2-1.5 billion years old.

9. Fungi
Nonmobile, heterotrophic , mostly multicellular eukaryotes , including yeasts and mushrooms.

10. Intron
In eukaryotes , bases of a gene transcribed but later excised from the mRNA prior to exporting from the nucleus and subsequent translation of the message into a polypeptide.

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