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Found Eukaryotic 73 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. 16S rRNA
A large polynucleotide (about 1500 bases) which functions as a part of the small subunit of the ribosome of prokaryote s and from whose sequence evolutionary information can be obtained; the eukaryotic counterpart is 18S rRNA.

2. 7-methyl guanosine
A guanosine ribonucleotide (has the nitrogenous base guanine attached to the sugar ribose ) which has a methyl group attached to the 7th ring atom of the guanine (a nitrogen atom). These are found at the capped 5'-ends of eukaryotic mRNA .

3. Actin
One of two proteins involved in muscle contraction (see also myosin ). Actin is found in both smooth and striated muscle and also serves as an important structural molecule for the cytoskeletons of many eukaryotic cells.

4. Animalia
Animal Kingdom. Multicellular eukaryotic group characterized by heterotrophic nutritional mode, usually organ and tissue development, and motility sometime during the organism's life history.

5. Axoneme
The structure of an eukaryotic flagellum or cilium (long whiplike or hairlike appendages sometimes attached to cells), where two microtubule s in the center are surrounded by nine pairs of microtubules around the outside.

6. CAAT box (cat box)
A particular sequence of nucleotide base s (GG T/C AATCT) found in the promoter s of many eukaryotic gene s, which is necessary for transcription to proceed smoothly.

7. Capped 5'-ends
A methylated (has a -CH3 attached) guanosine nucleotide attached to the 5'-end (the beginning) of an eukaryotic mRNA , thought to give the mRNA stability.

8. Capping of mRNA
The process of adding a guanosine nucleotide to the 5'-end (the beginning) of an eukaryotic mRNA , then methylating (adding a -CH3 to) the guanosine.

9. Cellular microbiology
A new discipline emerging at the interface between cell biology and microbiology . One major focus of this new field is on the interference of pathogenic bacteria with many eukaryotic cell functions, such as maturation of intracellular compartments, internal cellular communication, or even cell division and differentiation. The study of cellular microbiology in this respect, is providing a sophisticated tool kit for mammalian cell biologists. (Ref: Science 271:315, 1996).

10. Chlamydomonas
A genus of green algae consisting of more than 600 species worldwide, living in marine, freshwater, soil, and even snow environments. They are single cell ed eukaryotic organisms ranging from 5 to 100 micrometers long which can be roughly spherical, egg shaped, or elliptical. Most species have two flagella (coming out the same side) for swimming. Most of the time they are haploid and reproduce by dividing into two ( binary fission ); when they are stressed they can form gamete s which fuse to form diploid cyst s which later divide into four haploid cells. Taxonomically they have been classified under plants, animals, and protist s. Several species from this genus are important model organisms for the study of cell biology , molecular biology , genetics , plant physiology , and biotechnology . The species most commonly used in scientific experiments is Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (also known as C. reinhardi or C. reinhardii).

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