BioScience Dictionary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Ot.

Found Fatty acid 28 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acyl carrier protein (ACP)
A small (77 peptide s long) protein which binds six other enzyme s involved in fatty acid synthesis. It was first isolated in E. coli bacteria.

2. Adrenal cortex
This is the outer portion of the adrenal gland ; it secretes hormone s such as hydrocortisone (a glucocortoid) and aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid). Glucocortoids help cells synthesize glucose , catabolize protein s, mobilize free fatty acid s, and inhibit inflammation in allergic responses. Mineralocortoids regulate the levels of minerals such as sodium and potassium in the blood.

3. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
A peptide hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland . It stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoid hormones, which help cells synthesize glucose , catabolize proteins , mobilize free fatty acid s, and inhibit inflammation in allergic responses.

4. Arachidonate (arachidonic acid)
An essential unsaturate d fatty acid that humans use to synthesize regulatory molecules such as prostaglandin s and thromboxanes . It is found in fatty animal tissue such as egg yolk and liver.

5. Berg, Paul
An American biochemist born in 1926, who won the Nobel Prize for developing a DNA mapping method. Also he determined that it takes two steps to oxidize fatty acid s.

6. Beta oxidation
The oxidative breakdown of fatty acid s into acetyl-coenzyme A by repeated oxidation at the szlig-carbon atom.

7. Carnitine
This essential fatty acid metabolism cofactor helps to move the fatty acid to the mitochondria from the cytoplasm .

8. Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin)
A hormone released by the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) in response to the excessive presence of fatty acid s in the small intestine. The hormone is only 33 amino acid s long, and when released, it causes the release of enzyme s from the pancreas and the gall bladder to contract.

9. Coenzyme A
A coenzyme that takes part in fatty acid metabolism . It contains pantothenic acid and serves as an acyl group carrier.

10. Desaturase
Any of several enzyme s that put double bonds into the hydrocarbon areas of fatty acid s.

View web definitions »

Learn more about Fatty acid »