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Found Fructose 17 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Aldolase
In glycolysis , aldolase is responsible for cleaving fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into two 3-carbon molecules, dihydroxyacetone and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. This is done via the formation of a protonated Schiff base at a specific lysine residue.

2. Carbohydrate
A compound or molecule that is composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen in the ratio of 2H:1C:1O. Carbohydrates can be simple sugar s such as sucrose and fructose or complex polysaccharide polymer s such as chitin .

3. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate
This is an intermediate molecule involved in the fourth step of glycolysis . Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is created from fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. In step 5, it is converted into its positional isomer, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, with the aid of triose phosphate isomerase .

4. Disaccharide
A sugar such as sucrose , which is made up of two monosaccharide s: one glucose molecule and one fructose molecule.

5. Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway (Embden-Meyerhof pathway; EMP pathway)
A pathway that degrades glucose to pyruvate ; the six-carbon stage converts glucose to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate , and the three-carbon stage produces ATP while changing glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate to pyruvate. Compare with Entner-Doudoroff pathway .

6. Fructose (fructopyranose)
Literally, "fruit sugar"; a very sweet six-carbon sugar that serves as a building block for more complex sugars and carbohydrate s.

7. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
This key glycolysis intermediate (a hexose diphosphate) was discovered by Arthur Harden and William Young in 1905. In the third step of glycolysis, fructose 6-phosphate and ATP are converted to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and ADP with the aid of phosphofructokinase . In step 4, fructose 1,6 bisphosphate (with the aid of aldolase) is cleaved into duhydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.

8. Fructose 6-phosphate
A phosphorylated six-carbon sugar formed in the second step of glycolysis by the action of phosphoglucose isomerase on glucose 6-phosphate . In the third step, fructose 6-phospate and ATP are used to create fructose 1,6-biphosphate, ADP and a free hydrogen with the aid of phosphofructokinase .

9. Glucose (dextrose, cerelose, d-glucopyranose)
A six-carbon monosaccharide which is the major sugar in the blood and is an important intermediate molecule in metabolic processes. It is often given intravenously to replenish fluids and provide nutrients. In glycolysis , all six-carbon intermediate s are derived from glucose and fructose . In the first step of glycolysis, hexokinase catalyzes the conversion of glucose and ATP into glucose 6-phosphate. Also, in the conversion of one molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvate , two molecules of ATP are also generated.

10. Glucose isomerase
An isomerase enzyme which converts the sugar glucose into the sugar fructose . fructose is a structural isomer of glucose.

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