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Found Fungi 96 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acellular
Describes any organism or tissue that is a mass of protoplasm which is not divided into cells, such as the plasmodium of some slime molds and the hyphae of some fungi .

2. Acervulus
A flat, often round mass of hyphae which carry spore-bearing parts called conidophores; acervuli are found in fungi belonging to the order Melanconiales.

3. Acid proteases
Any of many protein-hydrolyzing enzyme s that work best in an acidic solution (usually in a pH range of 2-6). Such proteases include the stomach enzymes pepsin and rennin . Similar proteases produced by fungi such as Aspergillus oryzae are used in the manufacture of flour and soy sauce.

4. Alternation of generations
A life cycle in which a multicellular diploid stage is followed by a haploid stage and so on; found in land plants and many algae and fungi.

5. Aminoglycoside antibiotics
A group of antibacterial drugs (such as kanamycin , neomycin and streptomycin ) which are mostly produced by fungi and which contain an amino sugar , and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol ring, and other sugar residues. They are all broad-spectrum antibiotic s that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by binding to their ribosome s. However, all these drugs are toxic to humans and aren't used except in special situations.

6. Amylase
There are two commercially-used forms of this starch-hydrolyzing enzyme : * alpha amylase breaks the alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds of starch to yield oligosaccharide s. Slightly different versions of this enzyme are produced by the bacteria Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, B. licheniformis, B. subtilis and the fungus Aspergillus oryzae. Alpha amylase is used to make corn syrup, beer, wallpaper removers, cold-soluble laundry starch, and digestive aids. * beta amylase has exo-alpha-1,4-glucanase activity and acts on linear alpha-1,4-linked glucans, breaking alternate bonds to form maltose. This enzyme is found in most plants but is rare in fungi and bacteria; it is the amylase produced by germinating barley, which is used in beer production.

7. Antifungicide
A substance which kills fungi .

8. Antimicrobial
Harmful to microorganisms ( fungi , bacteria , etc.) by either killing them or inhibiting their growth.

9. Antimycin A
This antibiotic is used to kill fungi , insects and mites; it works by blocking mitochondrial respiration by interrupting the electron transport chain in those organelle s.

10. Antimycotic
An agent that kills or destroys fungi .


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