BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found Genus 79 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acetobacter
Acetobacter is a genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile Gram-negative bacteria that oxidize ethanol to acetic acid . These bacteria are commonly found on fruits and vegetables, and although they are used commercially to produce vinegar (especially Acetobacter aceti), they're considered pests by brewers and vintners.

2. A-factor
A protein which is found in the bacterial genus Streptomyces that helps start the production of streptomycin and the process of morphological differentiation. It is used in biotechnology to induce these functions in mutant strains of Streptomyces that can't produce it themselves.

3. Amoeba
A genus of free-living amoebae. Type species: Amoeba proteus.

4. Archae (Archaebacteria)
This is a super-classification of odd bacteria that are neither prokaryote s nor eukaryote s; some scientists believe they represent a separate kingdom. The primary genus is Archaebacteria, whose members fall in three categories: microbes that can live in extremely salty environments (halophiles), microbes that produce methane (methanogens), and microbes that can live in extremely hot environments (thermophiles). All are of interest to biotechnologists because they have unique biochemical features (e.g., the enzyme s of the theromophiles are extremely stable at high temperatures).

5. Ascaris
A genus of nematode worms, including the species of roundworm that can infect the intestines of humans and swine. Members of this genus resemble earthworms and have three-lipped mouths.

6. Aspergillus
Aspergillus is a genus of filamentous fungi belonging to Deuteromycetes. Fungi in this genus are easy to grow; some produce a wide range of useful enzyme s, but others are dangerous pests and pathogens. For instance, A. niger is used to produce citric acid , gluconic acid, amylase , protease s, and peptic enzymes, but A. parasiticus grows on grains and produces aflatoxin , a powerful liver carcinogen.

7. Babesiasis (babesiosis, piroplasmosis)
A parasitic disease affecting mammals which is caused by protozoa from the genus Babesia of the order Piroplasmida and is transmitted by ticks. The Babesia protozoa feed on the blood of mammals. Symptoms include high fever, anemia , and red urine (hemoglobinuria).

8. Baculoviridae
The family name for a group of virus es which infect insects. There is only one genus within the family: Baculovirus .

9. Baculovirus
A genus of virus es which infect insects. They are used to control insects. They are also used to make protein s with polysaccharide s ( sugar chains) attached from cloned DNA , something which does not happen when proteins are made from cloned DNA using bacteria .

10. Binomial nomenclature
The system of having two names ( genus and specific epithet, also called Latin binomial) for each organism.


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