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Found Glycolysis 22 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
ADP is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of two phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. ADP is used as an intermediate throughoug glycolysis . ATP hydrolyzes to produce ADP and free energy.

2. Aldolase
In glycolysis , aldolase is responsible for cleaving fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into two 3-carbon molecules, dihydroxyacetone and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. This is done via the formation of a protonated Schiff base at a specific lysine residue.

3. Bisphospoglycerate (1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate; 1,3BPG)
Previously known as 1,3-diphosphoglycerate (1,3DPG), this molecule is the first molecule that generates ATP in glycolysis . Its phosphoryl group generates a high-potential phosphorylated compound through a redox reaction. 1,3BPG is also responsible for the production of an allosteric effecter of hemoglobin , 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate (2,3BPG). In this reaction, a phosphoryl group is transferred from 1,3BPG to the C-2 of 3PG. This yields 2,3BPG and a different 3PG molecule.

4. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate
This is an intermediate molecule involved in the fourth step of glycolysis . Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is created from fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. In step 5, it is converted into its positional isomer, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, with the aid of triose phosphate isomerase .

5. Fermentation
The synthesis of ATP in the absence of oxygen through glycolysis .

6. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
This key glycolysis intermediate (a hexose diphosphate) was discovered by Arthur Harden and William Young in 1905. In the third step of glycolysis, fructose 6-phosphate and ATP are converted to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate and ADP with the aid of phosphofructokinase . In step 4, fructose 1,6 bisphosphate (with the aid of aldolase) is cleaved into duhydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.

7. Fructose 6-phosphate
A phosphorylated six-carbon sugar formed in the second step of glycolysis by the action of phosphoglucose isomerase on glucose 6-phosphate . In the third step, fructose 6-phospate and ATP are used to create fructose 1,6-biphosphate, ADP and a free hydrogen with the aid of phosphofructokinase .

8. Gluconeogenesis
The making of molecules of the sugar glucose within the liver from something other than its precursors. For example, amino acid s, glycolysis intermediate molecules, or citric acid cycle intermediates may be used.

9. Glucose (dextrose, cerelose, d-glucopyranose)
A six-carbon monosaccharide which is the major sugar in the blood and is an important intermediate molecule in metabolic processes. It is often given intravenously to replenish fluids and provide nutrients. In glycolysis , all six-carbon intermediate s are derived from glucose and fructose . In the first step of glycolysis, hexokinase catalyzes the conversion of glucose and ATP into glucose 6-phosphate. Also, in the conversion of one molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvate , two molecules of ATP are also generated.

10. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
In glycolysis , glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is created from dihydroxyacetone phosphate with the aid of triose phosphate isomerase . In turn, it and organic phosphate and NAD+ are converted into 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate, NADH and free hydrogen with the aid of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase .

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