BioScience Dictionary

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Found Ion 4604 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. -ase
A suffix which indicates that the word is the name of an enzyme , which is a type of protein that catalyzes biological or biochemical reactions. For example, " cellulase " or " polymerase ".

2. -emia (adj.: -emic)
A suffix indicating that the word has to do with the blood, a condition of the blood, a substance within the blood, etc. For example, anemia is the lack of sufficient functioning hemoglobin in the blood. "-emic" is a

3. -esis
A suffix indicating that the word has to do with "action" or "process."

4. -oma
A suffix meaning a tumor or inflammation, as in granuloma.

5. -osis
A suffix meaning condition, or disease, or formation.

6. -ostomy
A suffix meaning the creation of an opening, as in colostomy.

7. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)
A plant phorbol ester which promotes tumor formation by activating membrane protein kinase C.

8. 16S rRNA
A large polynucleotide (about 1500 bases) which functions as a part of the small subunit of the ribosome of prokaryote s and from whose sequence evolutionary information can be obtained; the eukaryotic counterpart is 18S rRNA.

9. 2-aminopurine
A derivative of purine which can substitute for adenine during DNA replication . As a result, it can induce mistakes in DNA and is therefore a powerful mutagen .

10. 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT)
An antibiotic used to treat infection by HIV (the AIDS virus ). The drug works by blocking replication of the HIV genetic material (in this case it is composed of RNA rather than DNA ) by preventing the viral RNA from inserting into the host DNA.

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