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Found Jaundice 20 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acholuria
Medical term describing the absence of bile pigment in the urine; usually in the context of describing a type of jaundice characterized by this.

2. Amebiasis (amebic dysentery)
Amebiasis is an infection with amoebas (a type of protozoan), particularly Entamoeba histolytica. The disease is contracted by eating food or drinking water that has been infected with encysted forms of the amoebas. The symptoms include diarrhea, weakness, and sometimes jaundice. During the course of the disease, sores and abscesses form on the mucous membrane of the large intestine (sometimes causing perforations), and the abscesses may be carried to the liver via the portal vein. Patients are usually treated with drugs called metronidazole (Flagyl) and chloroquinine; they may need to be medicated for up to three months to clear the infection.

3. Anicteric
An anicteric malfunction of the liver is one which does not have to do with jaundice .

4. Beta thalassemia (Cooley's anemia)
One of two major types of thalassemia , a genetically inherited disease, where one of the two types of polypeptide s making up the hemoglobin protein is defective or missing. Hemoglobin proteins are composed of four polypeptides -- two "alpha chains" and two "beta chains". In beta thalassemia, the beta chains are defective or missing (see also alpha thalassemia ). The three classifications of beta thalassemia, in order of increasing severity, are thalassemia minor, thalassemia intermedia, and thalassemia major. Thalassemia major is also known as Cooley's anemia. Symptoms include slow growth, jaundice , enlarged heart, liver, and spleen , thinned bones. Untreated children die young, usually of heart failure or infections. Thalassemia intermedia produces milder symptoms for the first two decades of life in most cases. Thalassemia minor may not produce any symptoms, though changes in the blood occur.

5. Bilirubin
A red-orange pigment found in bile which is formed when old red blood cell s are broken down in the liver. It can also form from other types of heme catabolism . It has the chemical formula C33H36N4O6. It is transformed from the green bile pigment biliverdin , which is directly formed from heme catabolism. Excessive bilirubin in the blood results in jaundice .

6. Bilirubin
Bilirubin is the by-product of breaking down hemoglobin that is measured in a blood sample. The unconjugated form of bilirubin is also called indirect bilirubin. After the liver adds a glucuronide to the unconjugated bilirubin, it is called conjugated bilirubin, also called direct bilirubin. Conjugated bilirubin is excreted into the hepatic ducts, the common bile duct and then the bowel. Serum levels of bilirubin increase when there is excessive breaking down of red blood cells, or when there is liver dysfunction. jaundice is clinically recognizable when total bilirubin exceeds 50 umol/liter. Normal ranges: Total bilirubin 5.1-17.0 umol/L (adult) and 17-20 umol/L (newborn), Indirect bilirubin 3.4-12.0 umol/L, Direct bilirubin 1.7 - 5.0 umol/L

7. Dubin-Johnson's syndrome
Dubin-Johnson's syndrome is characterized by the failure of excretion of conjugated bilirubin by the hepatocyte s (liver cells). As a result patients have abnormally large livers, abdominal pain, and jaundice . This is an autosomal recessive inherited disease.

8. Hemolytic jaundice
Hemolytic jaundice is a type of jaundice , where the skin takes on a yellowish hue, which occurs when red blood cell s have been destroyed (by hemolysis ).

9. Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver; symptoms include jaundice (yellowish skin caused by the buildup of bile pigments in the body), fever, appetite loss and gastrointestinal upset. There are several types of viral hepatitis; hepatitis A and B are the most common types, but other versions (C through F) are caused by water-borne calciviruses and togoviruses.

10. Hepatitis A (infectious hepatitis, epidemic jaundice)
A type of hepatitis caused by RNA virus es in the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae . It is usually fairly mild; people may mistake it for the flu. The virus typically spreads through food or water contaminated with infected feces and is most prevalent in places where people don't practice good hygiene.

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