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Found Lipid 54 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Abscisic acid (ABA, abscisin)
A lipid hormone that inhibits cell growth in plants; it is associated with fruit drop, leaf death and seed dormancy. It is synthesized in the plastid s from carotenoid s. This hormone helps plants deal with water loss, and its effects can be reversed with gibberellin s.

2. Anti-phospholipid syndrome
Anti-phospholipid syndrome is an autosomally inherited genetic disorder in which an affected individual produces antibodies against his/her own cellular phospholipid components. This is manifested clinically as a tendency to have arterial and venous thrombosis , thrombocytopenia and recurrent fetal loss (miscarriage).

3. Atherogenic
Having the capacity to start or accelerate the process of atherogenesis (the formation of lipid deposits in the arteries).

4. Bile salts
Amphipathic compounds that aid digestion and lipid absorption; they are derived from steroid s and have some detergent properties.

5. Cerebroside (galactolipid, cerebrogalactoside)
A sugar - lipid complex, the lipid portion being a sphingolipid and the sugar most commonly galactose , which is found in nerve and brain tissue.

6. Cholesterol
A lipid which higher organisms use in the construction of cell membranes and as a precursor molecule in steroid synthesis. If a person produces too much cholesterol, the excess often gets laid down on the interior of blood vessels as plaque, causing heart disease, hardening of the arteries, and often heart attacks or strokes. Cholesterol is carried through the bloodstream in molecules called lipoprotein s. There are two major types: low density lipoproteins (LDLs, also known as "bad" cholesterol) and high density lipoproteins (HDLs, aka "good" cholesterol). When your doctor measures your cholesterol, he takes readings of the different types of cholesterol in your blood: Total Cholesterol: * Desirable: less than 200 mg/dl * Borderline High: 200-239 mg/dl * High: more than 240 mg/dl LDL Cholesterol * Desirable: less than 130 mg/dl * Borderline High: 130-159 mg/dl * High: more than 160 mg/dl HDL Cholesterol * Desirable: more than 35 mg/dl * Risk Level: less than 35 mg/dl. Those with high cholesterol are generally advised to engage in aerobic exercise, lose weight (if they are overweight), avoid eating foods high in saturated fats and cholesterol, and quit smoking (smoking raises the amount of LDL in the blood). Having elevated amounts of triglyceride s in your blood may also increase the risk of heart disease (a normal reading is less than 200 mg/dl). You can generally lower the amount of triglyceride in your blood by exercising, eating a low-fat diet, and losing weight.

7. Choline
* acetylcholine * A thick, alkaline, water-and-alcohol soluble liquid in the vitamin B complex. It acts mainly to inhibit lipid decomposition in the liver and to lower blood pressure. It is found in vegetables, seeds, beans, organ meats, and egg yolk.

8. Chylomicron
A lipoprotein found in blood plasma which carries lipid s from the intestines into other body tissues; it is made up of a drop of triacylglycerol s surrounded by a protein - phospholipid coating.

9. Cytoplasmic membrane (cell membrane, plasma membrane)
The membrane that surrounds a cell's cytoplasm , separating it from the environment. It consists of a double layer of phospholipid s and has protein s embedded in it.

10. Detergent
A substance which has a nonpolar, hydrophobic part (avoids water) and a polar, hydrophilic part (attracted to water). It can dissolve fat s and oil s (collectively, lipid s) with the hydrophilic end, and as a result can increase the cleaning abilities of its solvent s (whatever it's dissolved in).


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