BioScience Dictionary

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Found Messenger RNA 21 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alternative mRNA splicing
Splicing different exon s in or out of messenger RNA to form different mRNA transcripts.

2. Anticodon
A specific sequence of three nucleotide s in transfer RNA which are complimentary to a codon for a specific amino acid in a messenger RNA .

3. Anticodon
A sequence of three nucleotides on the transfer RNA molecule that recognizes and pairs with a specific codon on a messenger RNA molecule; helps control the sequence of amino acids in a growing polypeptide chain.

4. Antisense RNA (anti-sense RNA)
A complementary RNA sequence that binds to (and thus blocks the transcription of) a naturally-occuring (sense) messenger RNA molecule.

5. Codon
A sequence of three nucleotides in messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid .

6. Complementary DNA (cDNA)
DNA that is synthesized from a messenger RNA template; the single- stranded form is often used as a probe in physical mapping .

7. Heterogenous nuclear RNA (hnRNA)
The name originally given to large RNA molecules found in the nucleus, which are now known to be unedited messenger RNA transcripts, or pre-mRNAs.

8. Initiation codon (AUG)
Three-base sequence on the messenger RNA that codes for the amino acid methionine; the start command for protein synthesis.

9. Initiation
The first step in translation ; occurs when a messenger RNA molecule, a ribosomal subunit, and a transfer RNA molecule carrying the first amino acid bind together to form a complex; begins at the start codon on mRNA.

10. Messenger RNA (mRNA)
RNA that serves as a template for protein synthesis. See genetic code .