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Found Molecular biology 11 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Brassica (Brassicaceae, Cruciferae)
A genus of plants belonging to the mustard family Brassicaceae. The whole family includes a total of 376 different genera and 3,200 different species . The family is also known as "Cruciferae" because the four petaled flowers of these plants look like crosses. The plants are distributed worldwide and have annual (living one year), biennial (living two years) and perennial (living many years) members. Member species of genus Brassica include Brassica napus which produces rapeseed or canola oil; Brassica nigra which produces yellow mustard; Brassica oleracea whose subspecies and strains include kale and collard greens (B. oleracea acephala), broccoli (B. oleracea botrytis), cauliflower (B. oleracea cauliflora), head cabbage (B. oleracea capitata), brussel sprouts (B. oleracea gemmifera), and kohlrabi (B. oleracea gongycoides); and Brassica rapa, whose subspecies include pak choi (B. rapa chinensis), Chinese cabbage (B. rapa pekinensis), and turnip (B. rapa rapifera). Also, one subspecies of B. rapa is used as a model organism to study genetics , molecular biology , plant breeding, cell biology , and physiology ; it is called the "rapid cycling" Brassica or RCBr or the Wisconsin Fast PlantTM , and was developed specifically for scientific study. Additionally, the radish Raphanus sativus is a member of the Brassicaceae family. The full taxonom ic classification is kingdom Plantae, division Tracheophyta, subdivision Spermatophyta, class Angiospermae, subclass Dicotyledeonae, order Papaverales, family Brassicaceae.

2. Central dogma
The main principle of molecular biology , coined by Francis Crick , which states that genetic information flows from DNA to RNA to protein .

3. Chlamydomonas
A genus of green algae consisting of more than 600 species worldwide, living in marine, freshwater, soil, and even snow environments. They are single cell ed eukaryotic organisms ranging from 5 to 100 micrometers long which can be roughly spherical, egg shaped, or elliptical. Most species have two flagella (coming out the same side) for swimming. Most of the time they are haploid and reproduce by dividing into two ( binary fission ); when they are stressed they can form gamete s which fuse to form diploid cyst s which later divide into four haploid cells. Taxonomically they have been classified under plants, animals, and protist s. Several species from this genus are important model organisms for the study of cell biology , molecular biology , genetics , plant physiology , and biotechnology . The species most commonly used in scientific experiments is Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (also known as C. reinhardi or C. reinhardii).

4. European Molecular Biology Lab gene bank (EMBL)
A large database of DNA sequence data in Heidelberg, Germany, compiled from international sources. It is the European equivalent to the Genbank DNA sequence databank in the United States of America. It can be found at .

5. Gap
* A space in between two of the same objects, where part of a chain or object is missing, or where certain activities, processes, or events are lacking. A period of time characterized by a lack of activity, in between two events or within a continuous process. * In molecular biology or genetics , a gap is a spot on a strand of DNA or RNA where a nucleotide or a segment of nucleotides is missing.

6. Genbank
A database of nucleic acid and protein sequences at the National Library of Medicine in the United States of America, compiled from international sources. It has sequence data in 13 different categories: primate, mammal, rodent, vertebrate, invertebrate, organelle , RNA , bacteria , plant, virus , bacteriophage , synthetic, and other. It is similar to the European Molecular Biology Lab gene bank in Germany. It can be found at

7. Genetic engineering (gene manipulation, genetic manipulation)
The manipulation of an organism's genetic endowment by introducing or eliminating specific gene s through modern molecular biology techniques. A broad definition of genetic engineering also includes selective breeding and other means of artificial selection. See recombinant DNA technologies .

8. Molecular biology
The study of the biochemical and molecular processes within cells, especially the processes of replication , transcription , and translation .

9. Molecular biology
field of biology that studies the molecular level of organization.

10. Neurospora
Neurospora is a genus of filamentous fungi or mold which grows on burnt or decaying plant matter, used as a model organism for studying biochemistry , genetics and molecular biology . Members of the [1] genus represent a wide diversity of worldwide member species ; hundreds of different strains are also available from collection efforts worldwide. The full taxonomic classification of [1] Neurospora is: kingdom Fungi (or [1] Myceteae), division [1] Amastigomycota, subdivision Ascomycotina, class Ascomycetes, subclass [1] Hymenoascomycetidae, order [1] Xylariales, family Sordariaceae. [1] Neurospora is easy to grow and maintain in culture in the laboratory. The most commonly [1] used species is Neurospora crassa (the cause of pink bread mold) but other species within [1] Neurospora are also used.