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Found Mucosa 18 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Celiac disease (gluten enteropathy, celiac sprue, gluten intolerance)
Celiac disease is caused by an intolerance to gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and oats (but not in rice or buckwheat). It is characterized by damage to the mucosa of the proximal small intestine, which results in poor absorption of most nutrients. It can also cause a wide range of maladies such as diarrhea, gas, and may contribute to mental depression in some people. Some forms of this disease are recessively inherited. The condition can be confirmed via a biopsy of the small intestine.

2. Colonoscopy
This is a procedure involving the insertion of a fiberoptic endoscope of about 1 cm diameter into the anus and advanced through the sigmoid colon, descending colon and the transverse colon up to the caecum. The appearance of the mucosa is observed for inflammation and growths. Samples are often taken for microscopic study. It is a procedure with significant discomfort and sometimes pain. The patient usually receives sedation by intravenous injection. Material effects, risks and side effects: over-sedation causing respiratory depression; biopsied site may bleed; mucosal damage may lead to infections, perforation of the bowel results in intra-peritoneal air and may necessitate emergency laparotomy.

3. Hirschsprung's disease (congenital aganglionic megacolon)
Hirschsprung's disease is a disorder of the newborn characterized by failure to pass the meconium ; this results in abdominal distention. It is due to the absence of ganglion cells in the mucosal and muscular layers of the colon. There is a familial pattern.

4. Hymenal caruncle
A hymenal caruncle is a small red fleshy swelling at the mucosal opening of the vagina.

5. Ileostomy
An ileostomy is performed by having the ileum brought through the rectus abdominis muscle, everted upon itself, and its mucosa sutured to the skin. It diverts the fecal material so the functioning of the distal bowel segment is not required.

6. Laryngitis
Laryngitis is inflammation of the mucosa of the larynx .

7. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)
This is an infection of the intestine that starts in the mucosa . At a later stage, full thickness necrosis and intestinal perforation can occur. Patients are often premature infants.

8. Pemphigus
Pemphigus is an autoimmune disease in which an autoantibody directed against the intercellular substance of epidermis such that the epidermal cells above the basal cell layer lose their cohesiveness. Clinically, blisters are formed in mucosal surfaces, especially the mouth.

9. Peptic ulcer disease
Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by the formation of an ulcer in the mucosa of the stomach or the duodenum . The most common causes are the use of drugs, especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and chronic infection with H. pylori (which is identified via biopsy of the ulcer).

10. Polyp
A polyp is a growth protruding from a mucosal plane. Polyps are usually benign, but some have the potential to become cancerous.

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