BioScience Dictionary

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Found Multiple sclerosis 4 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Demyelinization
The destruction of the protective myelin sheath that surrounds nerve fibers, resulting in the loss of function of those nerves. Demyelinization happens in some degenerative nerve diseases like multiple sclerosis and polio.

2. Inoue-Melnick virus
A virus found in people who have chronic central nervous system diseases, such as multiple sclerosis .

3. Multiple sclerosis (MS)
In this autoimmune disease, the body attacks its own nervous system, destroying the myelin sheath that protects the nerve cells. This prevents the nerves from carrying signals properly, and afflicted persons can experience problems with muscular coordination, vision and other sensory problems, and paralysis. The root cause of the disease is unknown; many scientists believe an as-yet-unidentified virus or virion may be the culprit, but recent research points strongly to a genetic factor as well.

4. Plasmapheresis
This is a medical method in which some blood is removed from a person. The blood cells, after being separated from the plasma (usually via centrifugation ), are returned to the person. It has been speculated that this method removes certain proteins that are deleterious to the person, such as autoantibodies. Some limited success has been achieved in the treatment of conditions including: myasthenia gravis (MG), Eaton-Lambert syndrome (ELS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), paraproteinemia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and multiple sclerosis (MS).