BioScience Dictionary

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Found Nervous system 66 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alcohol
An organic chemical containing one or more hydroxyl groups (-OH). Alcohols can be liquids, semisolids or solids at room temperature. Common alcohols include ethanol ("grain alcohol," the type found in alcoholic beverages) methanol (aka "wood alcohol," can cause blindness and other nervous system damage if ingested) and propanol.

2. Alprazolam (Xanax)
This is a prescription drug used to treat anxiety. It is a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore have a negative impact on coordination and mental alertness. Side effects typically include drowsiness and/or mood changes.

3. Analeptic
Describes a drug that has a restoratative or stimulating effect, typically on the central nervous system .

4. Astrocyte (astroglia)
A star-shaped cell of the nervous system which provides nutrients, support and insulation for neuron s.

5. Autonomic nervous system
The part of the nervous system that controls involuntary bodily actions, such as breathing, heartbeat, food digestion, and blinking.

6. Autonomic system
The portion of the peripheral nervous system that stimulates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands; consists of the parasympathetic and sympathetic systems.

7. Beta blocker (beta-adrenergic antagonist)
Any compound that blocks the activity of beta-andrenergic receptors in the sympathetic nervous system; these are often used to treat angina (chest pain) and high blood pressure.

8. Biogenic amine (bioamine)
A group of chemical substances which are made by cell s and which alter various bodily functions (like vascular functions or nervous system functions).

9. Botulin (botulinus toxin, botulismotoxin)
A very strong poison which affects the nervous system, made by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. The poison causes the food poisoning known as botulism .

10. Brain (encephalon)
The center of the central nervous system ; a mass of nerve tissue in the cranium that receives and transmits neural impulses and controls and directs an organism's behavior and actions.