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Found Pancreas 41 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alpha cell
A type of cell in the pancreas (in areas called the islets of Langerhans ). Alpha cells make and release a hormone called glucagon , which raises the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

2. Amylase
Amylase is secreted by the acinar cells of the pancreas and is measured from blood samples. It is elevacted in pancreatitis, trauma to the bowel, and mumps infection. (Normal range: 29 to 220 IU/L).

3. Beta cell
A type of cell in the pancreas in areas called the islets of Langerhans . Beta cells make and release insulin , a hormone that controls the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

4. Cachexin (cachexia-causing compound)
This protein fragment is found in the urine of patients who suffer from debilitation and wasting from cancer, particularly cancers of the lung, breast, ovary and pancreas. It is believed to cause the wasting by degrading muscle proteins and inhibiting the creation of new proteins.

5. Carcinoma of pancreas (pancreatic cancer)
This cancer of the pancreas mainly occurs in the cells of the ducts; 2/3 of the tumors occur at the head of pancreas and obstruction of the pancreatic ducts is the first symptom.

6. Chloropropamide (Diabinese)
An oral hypoglycemic agent (a prescription drug that people take to lower the level of glucose in the blood). The pills work for some people whose pancreas still makes some insulin . They can help the body in several ways, such as by causing the cells in the pancreas to release more insulin.

7. Cholecystectomy
This is surgery to remove the gallbladder . Cholecystectomy is indicated for patients with gallstones that cause severe symptoms. If the stones are less than 1 cm in diameter and contain no calcium , dissolution therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid is successful in 50% of the cases at six months of therapy. Shock-wave treatment (extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy) is applicable in only about 7% of the patients (with less than 3 stones, total stone diameter less than 20 mm and stone volume less than 15 mL). Only 50% of patients receiving shock-wave therapy have relief of their symptoms. For patients with medical problems severe enough to contraindicate immediate cholecystectomy, percutaneous catheter cholecystostomy may be preferable. For these patients, cholecystecomy can be performed after their general medical condition improves. The operative death rate 0.1% in patient under age 50 and 0.5% in patients over 50. Most deaths occur in patients who have other preoperative medical problems. Delaying cholecystectomy when indicated increases the chance of cholangitis, acute pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas ), empyema and perforation of the gallbladder, gallstone ileus and common bile duct obstruction.

8. Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin)
A hormone released by the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) in response to the excessive presence of fatty acid s in the small intestine. The hormone is only 33 amino acid s long, and when released, it causes the release of enzyme s from the pancreas and the gall bladder to contract.

9. Cholecystokinin
A hormone secreted in the duodenum that causes the gallbladder to release bile and the pancreas to secrete lipase .

10. Cholinesterase (choline esterase II, pseudocholinesterase, serumcholinesterase)
A hydrolase -class enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and other choline ester s. It is found in the blood, liver and pancreas.

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