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Found Pneumonia 18 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Anthrax
Anthrax is an infection by the gram-positive spore-forming aerobic rod-shaped bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. It usually affects sheep, cattle, horses, goats, and swine. It may infect humans, causing meningitis and pneumonia with a high rate of death.

2. Chlamydia
A genus of gram-negative bacteria which is a parasite living within the cell s of humans and other animals, causing a wide variety of diseases. In humans, they cause inclusion conjunctivitis and the venereal (sexually-transmitted) disease by the same name. This STD causes symptoms such as abnormal genital discharge and pelvic pain (in women), but often it produces no symptoms at all. If left untreated, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women (which can lead to sterility and other problems) and, if transmitted during birth, can cause eye infections and pneumonia in newborns. It can be cured with antibiotics.

3. Coliform
Gram-negative , nonsporing, facultative rod-shaped bacteria that ferment lactose with gas formation within 48 hours at 35 degrees C. Examples of coliform bacteria are members in the genera Escherichia ( e.g. E. coli ), Klebsiella (e.g. K. pneumoniae), Enterobacter (e.g. E. cloacai), and Citrobacter (e.g. C. freundii).

4. Gastroscopy
This is the examination of the esophagus, stomach and the duodenum with a flexible fiberoptic tube which is passed through the mouth. Direct visual inspection can identify hiatus hernia, esophageal diverticula, inflammation, ulcers and tumors of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Biopsy of suspicious lesions can be done and microscopic examination of these biopsies can help to diagnose ulcer and tumor. Material effects, risks and side effects: perforation of esophagus, stomach, and duodenum; bleeding from biopsied site; aspiration pneumonia.

5. Hemadsorption virus
An older term for certain influenza virus es. The two types are: * hemadsorption virus type I - mostly in children, symptoms include bronchitis and pneumonia. Now called "parainfluenza 3." * hemadsorption virus type 2 - is sometimes present in children who have a respiratory disease that includes high fever. Now called "parainfluenza 1."

6. Histoplasmosis
A lung infection caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Spore s of the fungus are found in bird and bat droppings and usually cause the disease by being inhaled. The disease can be mild, as in primary pulmonary histoplasmosis which is a type of pneumonia and resembles a cold or flu, or severe, as in progressive histoplasmosis where infection spreads from the lungs to other parts of the body, notably the liver and spleen , and causes skin lesion s (most often as a mouth ulcer). The severe forms of the disease most commonly occur in people with immune system disorders such as AIDS , and are often fatal.

7. Klebsiella
Klebsiella is a genus of Gram-negative , rod-shaped bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae. Facultative anaerobe s, they are found in the intestinal and repiratory tracts of many vertebrates (including humans) and are commonly responsible for bladder, kidney, lung, and wound infections. K. pneumoniae can cause pneumonia in people with compromised immune systems.

8. Legionnaire's disease
Legionnaire's disease is a community-acquired pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila. The elderly, immune-compromised, and smokers are particularly at risk of getting sick if they are exposed to this bacterium.

9. Legionnaire's disease (legionellosis, Legionella pneumonia)
Legionnaire's disease is caused by the bacterial species Legionella pneumonophila, a member of the family Legionellaceae , which begins with flu-like symptoms, then moves on to high fever, shaking chills, headaches, diarrhea, pneumonia, and pleurisyy , and can result in death. The disease is highly contagious. The bacteria which causes this disease is only harmful when tiny droplets of water floating in the air containing the bacteria are inhaled, and does not cause harm when it is present in drinking water.

10. Leishmaniasis (kala azar, black fever, dumdum fever, Chiclero ulcer, forest yaws, uta, espundia, aleppo boil)
A group of diseases caused by parasitic protozoan s of the genus Leishmania. It is transmitted by sandflies and are, in general, infections of the skin, mucous membranes, and certain internal organs by the parasites. Three major types of leishmaniasis occur in humans - cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral: * In cutaneous leishmaniasis, also known as aleppo boil, aleppo button, Bagdad boil, Baure ulcer, Delhi boil, oriental sore, and tropical sore, the parasite causes lesions on the face, arms, and legs which begin as inflamed bumps and can turn into skin ulcers that take up to two years to heal. * In mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, also known as American leishmaniasis, Chiclero ulcer, espundia, forest yaws, and uta, the parasite invades the mucous membranes and causes ulcers in the nose, mouth, and parts of the sinuses. This can result in lesions and deformity of the face. * In visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala azar (a Hindi term meaning "black fever") or dumdum fever, the parasite invades the spleen , liver, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and skin. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, enlargement of the lymph nodes, the spleen, and the liver, dizziness, weight loss, and secondary infections such as pneumonia, and it can be fatal if left untreated.

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