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Found Residue 26 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. 3' end
The end of a nucleic acid that doesn't have a nucleotide bound to its 3' of the terminal residue .

2. 5' end
The end of a nucleic acid sequence where the 5' position of the terminal residue isn't bound by a nucleotide .

3. Acceptable daily intake (ADI)
This is an estimate of the amount of a substance in food that can be ingested daily over a lifetime by humans without appreciable health risk. The concept of the ADI has been developed principally by WHO and FAO and is relevant to chemicals such as additives to foods, residues of pesticides and veterinary drugs in foods. ADIs are derived from laboratory toxicity data, and from human experiences of such chemicals when this is available, and incorporate a safety factor. The ADI is thus an estimate of the amount of a substance in food that can be ingested over a lifetime by humans without significant risk to health (for contaminants in food and drinking water, tolerable intakes - daily or weekly - are used). See tolerable daily intake .

4. Aldolase
In glycolysis , aldolase is responsible for cleaving fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into two 3-carbon molecules, dihydroxyacetone and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. This is done via the formation of a protonated Schiff base at a specific lysine residue.

5. Alpha glucosidase
An enzyme which removes the last 1,4-linked alpha-D- glucose residue from the nonreducing end of a long chain (or polymer ) of such residues, making an alpha-D-glucose molecule out of it in the process.

6. Aminoglycoside antibiotics
A group of antibacterial drugs (such as kanamycin , neomycin and streptomycin ) which are mostly produced by fungi and which contain an amino sugar , and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol ring, and other sugar residues. They are all broad-spectrum antibiotic s that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by binding to their ribosome s. However, all these drugs are toxic to humans and aren't used except in special situations.

7. Amino-terminal residue
The only amino acid residue in a polypeptide chain that has a free alpha-amino group; it defines the amino terminus of the polypeptide.

8. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
This cardiac hormone (28 amino acid residues) regulates salt and water balance in body fluids and blood pressure; it has potential as a medication to treat heart and kidney failure and the buildup of excess fluid in tissue.

9. Biocytin
The amino acid residue formed when biotin links covalently via an amide linkage to a Lys residue.

10. Carboxyl-terminal residue
This amino acid residue defines the carboxyl terminus of the polypeptide ; it's the only residue with a free alpha-carboxyl group.

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