BioScience Dictionary

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Found Small intestine 35 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Ampulla of Vater
A nipple-like outgrowth in the duodenum (upper part of the small intestine) that marks the entry of the biliary and pancreatic ducts.

2. Bile duct (biliary tree)
The tubes which carry bile from the liver to the small intestine (duodenum).

3. Brush border
The collection of microvilli forming a border on the intestinal side of the epithelial cells of the small intestine .

4. Carcinoid syndrome
Carcinoid syndrome consists of facial flushing, head and neck edema, abdominal cramps and diarrhea, bronchospasm, pulmonic and tricuspid valves lesions and increased urinary excretion of 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid). It is caused by the proliferation of carcinoid tumors (serotonin-producing neuroendocrine tumors that occur mainly in the small intestine and liver).

5. Cecum
The sac-like front end of the large bowel which contains the entry of the appendix and the end of the small intestine.

6. Celiac disease (gluten enteropathy, celiac sprue, gluten intolerance)
Celiac disease is caused by an intolerance to gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and oats (but not in rice or buckwheat). It is characterized by damage to the mucosa of the proximal small intestine, which results in poor absorption of most nutrients. It can also cause a wide range of maladies such as diarrhea, gas, and may contribute to mental depression in some people. Some forms of this disease are recessively inherited. The condition can be confirmed via a biopsy of the small intestine.

7. Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin)
A hormone released by the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) in response to the excessive presence of fatty acid s in the small intestine. The hormone is only 33 amino acid s long, and when released, it causes the release of enzyme s from the pancreas and the gall bladder to contract.

8. Chymotrypsin
A digestive enzyme found in the small intestine that breaks protein s down into amino acid s.

9. Disaccharidase deficiency
A digestive disorder caused by the body being unable to produce enough disaccharidase, an enzyme responsible for breaking down carbohydrate s in the small intestine. This may cause symptoms such as intestinal gas and diarrhea.

10. Diverticulum (pl. diverticula)
A diverticulum is a pouch or a sac formed at weak points in the muscular coat of the digestive tract (especially the small intestine). Inflammation of the diverticula is called diverticulitis.