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Found Solvent 23 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Acetin (monoacetin)
A thick, colorless, water-attracting liquid which is used as a food additive and dye solvent and in explosives manufacture and leather tanning. It is created by heating and then distilling a mixture of acetic acid and glycerol .

2. Acetone (2-propanone)
A colorless, flammable liquid which is used as a solvent (it is most familiar as the solvent in nail polish remover). The simplest ketone , it mixes with water, ethyl alcohol , and most oils. It melts at -95.4 C. and boils at 56.2 C. It is naturally found in very tiny quantities in the body fluids and tissues of healthy people and in somewhat larger amounts in people suffering from diabetes or starvation.

3. Acrylonitrile
A colorless liquid which will mix somewhat with water, mixes well with all common organic solvent s, and is toxic, carcinogen ic (cancer-causing), and a fire hazard. Freezing point: -83 C. Boiling point: 77.5-77.9 C. It is used as a monomer for acrylic fibers and acrylic rubber and other industrial purposes.

4. Addiction (substance abuse)
This is the state of being physically or psychologically dependent on some substance. Common abused substances include: * ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) * opioids (opium, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone, meperidine [Demerol]) * hallucinogens (LSD, psilocybin, DMT, morning glory seeds) * mescaline, MDA, PMA, STP * amphetamines * cocaine * inhalants (solvents and aerosols)

5. Aqueous
A solution in which water is the solvent .

6. Bio-beads S
Polystyrene beads used to fractionate molecular compounds in gel filtration chromatography with lipophilic solvents.

7. Chlorinated organics
Any organic chemical which includes chlorine atoms. A class of water pollutants. Chlorinated organic compounds, along with other halogenated organics, are believed to cause health risks such as cancer , endocrine system disruption, birth defects, compromised immune system s, and reduced fertility. Examples of chlorinated organics include trichloroethylene, ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride, PCBs, chlorobenzene, and many chlorinated solvents and biocide s.

8. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Chemical substances used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and solvents that drift to the upper stratosphere and dissociate. Chlorine released by CFCs reacts with ozone , eroding the ozone layer.

9. Chromatography
An analytical technique used to separate molecules based on how they tend to cling to or dissolve in various solids, liquids and gases:* column chromatography is used most often to separate protein s based on their binding to a column lined with a ligand specific to a certain protein. * gel filtration chromatography is used most often to separate proteins by running the solution containing the proteins through a column filled with porous carbohydrate gel beads which will trap or slow down small molecules but will allow larger molecules to slide past. * paper chromatography separates molecules by taking advantage of their differing solubilities in a mix of solvents. The material to be separated is applied to a special piece of paper, and the edge of the paper is put in the solvent mix, which travels through the paper by capillary action and carries the different molecules at different rates with it.

10. Detergent
A substance which has a nonpolar, hydrophobic part (avoids water) and a polar, hydrophilic part (attracted to water). It can dissolve fat s and oil s (collectively, lipid s) with the hydrophilic end, and as a result can increase the cleaning abilities of its solvent s (whatever it's dissolved in).

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