BioScience Dictionary

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Found Spinal cord 37 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)
This is a protein the blood level of which is measured by laboratory methods. Its level is elevated in the mother's blood when there are fetal spinal cord defects (anencephaly, myelomeningocele), threatened abortion, twin gestation, and abruptio placentae. The AFP screening test for the mother's blood is usually conducted at 16 - 18 weeks of pregnancy. AFP level in the amniotic fluid obtained in amniocentesis is measured to identify abnormal fetal development. In humans, AFP is a useful marker for the diagnosis and assessment of the tumors of the testis (teratocarcinoma and embryonal carcinoma). AFP is also elevated in patients with primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) and in women with some types of germ cell ovarian tumors. (Normal range: less than 40 micrograms per liter).

2. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
This is the most frequent form of the progressive nerve disorders affecting the brain , brain stem and spinal cord, usually appearing when a person is 50-70 years old. It is sometimes associated with dementia and Parkinson's disease .

3. Backbone
* The spinal column, found in vertebrate animals, which runs along the dorsal side and contains the central nerve cord ( spinal cord ). * The main structural feature of a polymer (chain-like) molecule from which many side chains branch off.

4. Brain stem (brainstem)
The lowest part of the brain, which merges with the spinal cord. It consists of the medulla oblongata , midbrain and pons .

5. Brain stem
The portion of the brain that is continuous with the spinal cord and consists of the medulla oblongata and pons of the hindbrain and the midbrain.

6. Brown-S quard's syndrome
Brown-S quard's syndrome is a neurological disorder in which there is a unilateral spinal cord lesion that causes: * ipsilateral motor disturbance and impairment of proprioception * contralateral loss of pain and temperature appreciation below the lesion

7. Central nervous system (CNS)
Refers to the brain and spinal cord .

8. Central nervous system (CNS)
The division of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord .

9. Cerebrospinal fluid
A fluid within the skull which surrounds the brain and the top of the spinal cord that helps cushion these organs from blows and other trauma.

10. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Cerebrospinal fluid is the clear fluid that fills the cerebral ventricles and subarachnoid space (the areas that surround the brain and the spinal cord). It is produced by the choroid plexuses. Normal values: * opening pressure: less than 180 mm H2O * appearance: clear * cells/uL: lymphocytes: 0 -5; Polymorphs: 1 - 3; RBC:20 - 50 * glucose: 45 - 85 mg/dL * protein: 15 -45 mg/dL

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