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Found Spleen 22 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Beta thalassemia (Cooley's anemia)
One of two major types of thalassemia , a genetically inherited disease, where one of the two types of polypeptide s making up the hemoglobin protein is defective or missing. Hemoglobin proteins are composed of four polypeptides -- two "alpha chains" and two "beta chains". In beta thalassemia, the beta chains are defective or missing (see also alpha thalassemia ). The three classifications of beta thalassemia, in order of increasing severity, are thalassemia minor, thalassemia intermedia, and thalassemia major. Thalassemia major is also known as Cooley's anemia. Symptoms include slow growth, jaundice , enlarged heart, liver, and spleen , thinned bones. Untreated children die young, usually of heart failure or infections. Thalassemia intermedia produces milder symptoms for the first two decades of life in most cases. Thalassemia minor may not produce any symptoms, though changes in the blood occur.

2. Cytomegalic inclusion disease
An illness in newborns caused by viral infection; symptoms include fever, cellular enlargement, microscopically-visible clumps of viral particles or protein s in the cytoplasm and nuclei of affected cells, enlargement of the spleen and liver. Long-term effects of the disease may include mental retardation.

3. Erythroblastosis fetalis
A type of anemia which can occur in newborns that have Rh+ blood and which are born to mothers with Rh- blood (see Rh factor ). Symptoms include lots of erythroblast cells which are circulating in the blood instead of being within bone marrow, liver and spleen enlargement, and edema (tissue swelling due to excessive fluid).

4. Falciparum malaria
The most severe form of malaria ; it is sometimes fatal, and is characterized by fever, confusion, spleen enlargement, nausea and anemia. It is caused by the protozoan Plasmodium falciparum.

5. Felty's syndrome
Felty's syndrome is characterized by rheumatoid arthritis, abnormally large spleen, and leukopenia

6. Gallium scan
This is a nuclear scan involving the intravenous injection of radioactive gallium. Gallium concentrates in areas of inflammation and tumor growth. Although liver, spleen, bone and colon retain gallium, it is possible to differentiate abnormal gallium uptake from normal retention. This is a useful test for the detection of metastatic tumor activity.

7. Gastrinoma
A tumor which secretes gastrin . It is usually found in the pancreas , but may also be found in the stomach, spleen , nearby lymph nodes, or other areas.

8. Gland
A structure or organ with specialized cell s that secretes/excretes a substance that is unrelated to the normal metabolic processes. Examples in humans are the pineal gland , the pituitary gland , the adrenal gland s, or the spleen . Glands are found in plants as well as animals.

9. Histoplasmosis
A lung infection caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Spore s of the fungus are found in bird and bat droppings and usually cause the disease by being inhaled. The disease can be mild, as in primary pulmonary histoplasmosis which is a type of pneumonia and resembles a cold or flu, or severe, as in progressive histoplasmosis where infection spreads from the lungs to other parts of the body, notably the liver and spleen , and causes skin lesion s (most often as a mouth ulcer). The severe forms of the disease most commonly occur in people with immune system disorders such as AIDS , and are often fatal.

10. Hodgkin's disease (Hodgkin's lymphoma)
A form of malignant lymphoma that is characterized by painless enlargment of lymphatic tissue and the spleen and often involves symptoms such as fever, wasting weight loss, anemia, and night sweats.

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