BioScience Dictionary

 
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Found Sugar 181 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. -ose
A suffix that means "sugar".

2. 7-methyl guanosine
A guanosine ribonucleotide (has the nitrogenous base guanine attached to the sugar ribose ) which has a methyl group attached to the 7th ring atom of the guanine (a nitrogen atom). These are found at the capped 5'-ends of eukaryotic mRNA .

3. Acesulfames
A class of artificial sweeteners derived from oxathiazinone; some varieties are over a hundred times sweeter than table sugar ( sucrose ).

4. Acetogenic bacteria
Bacteria that convert carbon dioxide to acetic acid or turn sugars into acetate.

5. Acidulants
Food additives that are used to impart a sharp flavor. The most common acidulant is citric acid (produced by the fermentation of molasses or other sugars by the fungus Aspergillus niger). Malic acid and fumaric acid are also frequently used.

6. Adenosine
A ribonucleoside which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose .

7. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
ADP is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of two phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. ADP is used as an intermediate throughoug glycolysis . ATP hydrolyzes to produce ADP and free energy.

8. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Lower energy form of ATP, having two (instead of the three in ATP) phosphhate groups attached to the adenine base and ribose sugar.

9. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
ATP is a molecule which consists of the nitrogenous base adenine linked to the sugar ribose and which has a chain of three phosphate groups attached to the ribose in a linear fashion. ATP is present in all living cells and serves as an energy source for many metabolic processes; energy is released when ATP is hydrolyzed into ADP . ATP is required for RNA synthesis since it is a direct precursor. It is the single most important molecule in all living things since it serves as the currency for energy in biological systems.

10. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A common form in which energy is stored in living systems; consists of a nucleotide (with ribose sugar) with three phosphate groups. The energy coin of the cell.


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