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Found Tuberculosis 15 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV, human immunodeficiency virus)
Acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. An epidemic disease caused by an infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), a retrovirus that causes immune system failure and debilitation and is often accompanied by cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma as well as secondary infections such as tuberculosis . AIDS is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.

2. Bacillus
A class of bacteria which are rod-shaped. Belonging to this class are: E. coli , Salmonella , Shigella, Klebsiella , Enterobacter , Clostridia; of these, Bacillus Calmett-Gu rin is administered for vaccination against tuberculosis ; bacteria causing tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, and tuberculosis are also rod-shaped.

3. Cycloserine
A broad-spectrum antibiotic synthesized by the bacterium Streptomyces orchidaceus which is used most often to treat urinary tract infections and tuberculosis . This antibiotic is a structural analog of the amino acid D-alanine and it inhibits bacteria's ability to make peptidoglycan , an important component of the bacterial cell wall.

4. Freund's adjuvant
The complete version of this immunostimulating adjuvant contains heat-killed tuberculosis bacteria emulsified in white mineral oil. It is used in immunological research involving lab animals, but not in humans, since it could cause allergic responses or autoimmune problems. The bacterial cells are omitted in the incomplete verson of the adjuvant.

5. Mantoux test
Mantoux test is a test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis . It involves the intradermal injection of purified protein derivative on the underside of the forearm. The result of the test is scored in 2 to 3 days time by measuring the diameter of the welt at the site of injection.

6. Mycobacteria (Mycobacteriaceae)
A family of Gram-positive , rod-shaped bacteria that normally live in acidic conditions (soil, water, and dairy products); they include the bacteria that cause leprosy (Mycobacterium leprae) and tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).

7. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
The Gram-positive bacterium that causes tuberculosis .

8. Mycomycin
This antibiotic is used to treat tuberculosis (kills Mycobacterium tuberculosis).

9. Rheumatoid factor
This is a heterogenous group of autoantibodies directed against human IgG which is elevated with many clinical conditions, among them: rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, polymyositis, scleroderma, tuberculosis, leprosy, syphilis, and subacute bacterial endocarditis.

10. Tropical medicine
This broad medical field is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that afflict people who live in or visit tropical areas of the world. Tropical diseases include malaria , sleeping sickness , visceral leishmaniasis , amoebiasis, giardia intestinalis, typhoid, leprosy , tuberculosis , HIV/AIDS , yellow fever , schistosomiasis, filariasis, trachoma, onchocerciasis and other parasitic diseases. The field also concerns itself with international health policies, health economics, and epidemiology.

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