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Found Uterine 26 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Artificial insemination (AI)
The placement of a sperm sample inside the female reproductive tract to improve the female s chances of getting pregnant. (See also intracervical insemination , intrauterine insemination , intratubal insemination ).

2. Birth control (contraception, family planning)
In general, birth control or contraception is anything that prevents a woman from becoming pregnant. The most basic and cheapest form of contraception is abstinence (not engaging in sexual intercourse at all). However, abstaining from sex can cause great stress and frustration in some, since the human sex drive can be quite powerful. A variation on abstinence is fertility awareness (also known as "natural family planning"). This method involves a couple avoiding intercourse during the times that the woman is most likely to be fertile. This method requires that the woman be very aware of her own body and her reproductive cycle; some estimate that this method has a 70%-98% rate of success, depending on the regularity of the woman's cycle and the specific monitoring technique used. Signs that a woman has ovulated (and is therefore fertile) include a sudden change in basal body temperature, changes in vaginal mucus, or a combination of the two. A woman is least likely to be fertile during her menstrual period and for a few days thereafter. Barrier methods of birth control work by preventing sperm from reaching the egg. Barrier methods work best in conjunction with spermicides (creams or jellies that contain chemicals that kill sperm and sometimes disease-causing microorganisms). Because barrier methods also prevent the exchange of body fluids to varying degrees, they are also useful in preventing the transmission of venereal disease s. Barrier methods include: * condom s * female condom s * diaphragm s * cervical cap s * contraceptive sponges Other birth control methods work by altering a woman's hormones so as to render her infertile (male hormonal birth control is being researched). Hormonal methods include: * Depo Provera * birth control pills * Norplant * "morning after" pills Other women may use intrauterine devices (IUDs), which work mainly by preventing the fertilized egg from implanting in the wall of the uterus. Other women use abortion (surgery to remove or drugs to induce the expulsion of an embryo or fetus) as a last-ditch effort at birth control. If a couple wants no children at all, they may undergo surgery to render themselves sterile. In women, this procedure is generally a tubal ligation (cutting or blocking the Fallopian tubes, which carry the eggs from the ovaries). In males it is a vasectomy (cutting or blocking the tubes that carry sperm from the testis). These procedures can sometimes be reversed.

3. Cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy is a catch-all term for a collection of neonatal motor and neurologic disorders that is nonprogressive and nonhereditary. Intrauterine hypoxia and perinatal asphyxia is believed to be the major cause. Characteristic disorders: * spastic forms: quadriplegia, diplegia, hemiplegia, paraplegia, monoplegia, triplegia * ataxia * dyskinesia * hypotonia Many sufferers have a mixture of several motor problems and are associated with seizures, mental retardation, and sensory/speech deficits.

4. Contact bleeding
This is the medical term for a woman having uterine/vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse.

5. Decidua
The decidua is the changed endometrium (the lining of the uterus) after the blastocyst (fertilized ovum after 4 - 9 days of development) is implanted onto the endometrium. At this stage, there are 3 regions of decidua: decidua basalis: between the blastocyst and the uterine muscular wall, decidua capsularis: covers the blastocyst; decidua parietalis: the rest of the lining of the uterus.

6. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
This is abnormal uterine bleeding (bleeding not due to menstruation ) that is not due to a pathologic cause (infection, cancer , injury, etc.), but instead due to hormonal inbalance.

7. Ectopic pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy implanted at a site which does not permit development of the embryo. 98 percent of ectopic pregnancies are implanted in one of the fallopian tubes. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is increased in the following conditions: * pelvic inflammatory disease; * the use of an intrauterine device as birth control; * the use of progestin-only oral contraceptives. Aside from the fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancies can occur in an ovary, the abdominal cavity, and in the broad ligament. Ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency as a ruptured ectopic pregnancy can often result in severe hemorrhage leading to death. Other complications are: chronic salpingitis, sterility, intestinal obstruction and fistulae formation.

8. Fetal heart rate monitoring (FHR monitoring)
This is a means to assess the well-being of the fetus . Both the fetal heart rate and its changes with each uterine contraction are often monitored. The methods to monitor fetal heart rate are: Doppler ultrasound , phonocardiography, or scalp electrode. The uterine contractions are often measured by a strain gauge applied externally on the abdominal wall (the tocotransducer). The basal fetal heart rate (normal 120-160 beats/min), beat-to-beat variability (normal 5-15/min), and patterns of acceleration and deceleration with each contraction are obtained.

9. Follicular phase
The follicular phase is the pre-ovulatory phase of a woman's reproductive cycle during which the follicle grows and high estrogen levels cause the uterine lining to grow.

10. Gynecologic oncology
The medical study and treatment of cancers of the female reproductive organs (e.g. ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, etc.)


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