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Found X-ray 38 times.

Displaying results 1 to 10.

1. Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Adult respiratory distress syndrome is a clinical condition in which there is shortness of breath, abnormal findings in chest x-ray, and low oxygen levels in the blood. It is usually associated with injury to the lung, and preceded with a variety of factors; including trauma, infection, pancreatitis, shock, burns, among many others.

2. Angiogram
This is an x-ray procedure to study the patency and flow of blood in blood vessels.

3. Angiography
This is a technique of viewing blood vessels by injecting them with a radio-opaque dye and then x-raying them.

4. Arteriography
This is a radiological procedure to assess the patency of the arterial circulation. Radiopaque dye is injected through a thin catheter placed in the artery. x-ray of the flow pattern of the dye is taken. Abnormal findings include obstruction, occlusion, narrowing, and tumor.

5. Atelectasis
This is the collapse of the small airways of the lung, as seen in chest x-rays.

6. Autoradiogram
An experimental technique to visualize the distribution of radioactivity in a specimen. x-ray film placed in contact with the specimen is exposed by ionizing radiation, creating a photographic image.

7. Autoradiography (radioautography)
A technique that uses x-ray film to visualize radioactively labeled molecules or fragments of molecules; used in analyzing length and number of DNA fragments after they are separated by gel electrophoresis .

8. Balloon angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, PTCA)
This is a surgical procedure for the opening up of a narrowed or occluded coronary artery . It is a procedure for relieving angina and improvement of the patient's ability to exercise. It is successful in about 60% of the cases. Under local anesthesia and sedation , a small incision is made in the groin area so that a thin tubing with a balloon tip can be introduced. An x-ray machine is used to help the operator to guide the balloon tip into the blood vessels of the heart. When the balloon tip reaches its destination (the occluded vessel), the operator expands the balloon tip, which then dilates the occluded vessel. If the angioplasty is not desired by the patient, the physician can continue drug treatment if this is still to some extent effective. However, it may be that balloon angioplasty is recommended exactly because of the failure of drug treatment. Another alternative is open heart surgery for aorto-coronary bypass (A-C bypass), also known as coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The risks and side effects of this surgery can include anesthesia risks, bleeding, coronary artery dissection or intimal tear, occlusion of the blood vessel because of blood clots, irregular heart beat, heart attack, stroke, pericardial tamponade, need for emergency surgery, and recurrence of angina despite initial relief. Local vascular complications at the site of puncture include arterial thrombosis , arterial laceration or dissection, pseudoaneurysm , hematoma , and a-v fistula . The consequences of not having the treatment include continued angina, plus the possibility of suffering a heart attack and its consequences.

9. Barium study
Barium is opaque to x-ray. In a barium study, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is filled with barium before an x-ray is taken. Upper GI Series: * the procedure: Upper GI series involves the swallowing of barium containing liquid before x-ray is taken. The organs examined are: throat, esophagus, stomach and small bowel to diagnose esophageal cancer, reflux, hiatus hernia, gastric cancer, gastritis, and peptic ulcers. * alternative courses of action: gastroscopy, CT of chest and upper abdomen * material effects, risks and side effects: aspiration of the barium; constipation or obstruction of the bowel if the barium dries up inside the small and large intestines. Barium Enema: * the procedure: Barium enema (also known as lower GI series) involves the introduction of barium containing fluid via the rectum to diagnose rectal cancer, diverticular diseases, and polyps. * alternative courses of action: sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, CT scan of abdomen and pelvis * material effects, risks and side effects: fasting and cleaning the bowel with fluid and medication; sensation of bloating and potential of perforation of the colon during the procedure; barium stool impaction after the procedure.

10. Breast ultrasound
Ultrasound can differentiate cysts and solid masses of the breast when x-ray examination of the breast cannot. Ultrasound is often used to localize the mass with a marker (e.g. a wire) which the surgeon uses as a guide to cut out the mass for examination.


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