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Scientific classification e
Clade: Podiata
Clade: CRuMs
Brown, 2018

CRuMs is a proposed Podiata clade consisting of i) Collodictyonids (e.g. Collodictyon; also known as diphylleids), ii) Rigifilida and iii) Mantamonadidae as sister of the Amorphea.[1][2] It more or less supersedes Varisulca, as Ancyromonadida are inferred not to be specifically related Collodictyonids, Rigifilida and Mantamonadidae.


  1. ^ Lax, Gordon; Eglit, Yana; Eme, Laura; Bertrand, Erin M.; Roger, Andrew J.; Simpson, Alastair G. B. (2018-11-14). "Hemimastigophora is a novel supra-kingdom-level lineage of eukaryotes". Nature. 564 (7736): 410–414. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0708-8. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 30429611.
  2. ^ Brown, Matthew W; Heiss, Aaron A; Kamikawa, Ryoma; Inagaki, Yuji; Yabuki, Akinori; Tice, Alexander K; Shiratori, Takashi; Ishida, Ken-Ichiro; Hashimoto, Tetsuo (2018-01-19). "Phylogenomics Places Orphan Protistan Lineages in a Novel Eukaryotic Super-Group". Genome Biology and Evolution. 10 (2): 427–433. doi:10.1093/gbe/evy014. ISSN 1759-6653. PMC 5793813. PMID 29360967.