|See||San Nicola in Carcere|
|Installed||26 November 1994|
|Term ended||13 September 1998|
|Predecessor||Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle|
|Ordination||24 June 1934|
|Created Cardinal||26 November 1994|
1 January 1910|
|Died||13 September 1998
|Buried||Pullach im Isartal|
Aloys Grillmeier (1 January 1910 – 13 September 1998) was a theologian and cardinal-deacon of the Catholic Church. Born in Pechbrunn, Germany, he was ordained to the priesthood on 24 June 1937, for the Society of Jesus. Pope John Paul II created him cardinal-deacon of San Nicola in Carcere on 26 November 1994.1
Grillmeier entered the Jesuit order in April 1929 after completing grammar school in Regensburg. He studied philosophy in Munich and theology in Valkenburg in the Netherlands. He was ordained priest on 24 June 1937 in the middle of further theological studies in Frankfurt am Main. He gained his doctorate in February 1942 in Freiburg after studying in Rome. Two days after the graduation ceremony he was conscripted into the army and trained as a medical orderly in Ulm. He was then sent to the Eastern Front where he treated the casualties of the bitter fighting against Soviet forces. He was released from further military service in April 1944 as a member of the Jesuits. Grillmeier then began a long teaching career in fundamental and dogmatic theology, most of which was spent as Professor of Dogmatics at the Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology (Frankfurt am Main), where the German Jesuits received their theological education.2
He became known at the Second Vatican Council, where he acted as theological adviser to Bishop Wilhelm Kempf of Limburg. From 1963 to 1965 he was also on the theology commission of the Council itself. He had a particular input into the drafting of the document "Lumen Gentium", the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church. It was here that he first met Cardinal Woytyla and worked with him in writing various works, papers and documents including "Gaudium et Spes", "Lumen gentium", "Dei verbum" and "Dignitatis humanae".3 He retired in 1978 on his 68th birthday, but continued to write and lecture. He died on 13 September 1998 in Unterhaching, Germany.
Grillmeier was committed to ecumenism. In the 1970s he became an adviser to the Pro Oriente Institute in Vienna, which promoted contact with other Christian Churches, especially in the East, and he took part in several unofficial theological dialogues with the Oriental Orthodox Churches.
Grillmeier's written output – 12 major books and several hundred academic articles – is a part of his legacy. His magnum opus "Christ in Christian Tradition" looked at the development of Christology from early Christian times to the ninth century, drawing particularly on the traditions of the Eastern Christian Church. Volume one was published in 1965 (with a revised version in 1975) and volume two in 1987. In a rare event, the work was published in English before the original German. Grillmeier published expanded versions of the second volume in the 1990s in collaboration with Theresia Hainthaler.
- Grillmeier, Aloys, Christ in Christian Tradition
- Volume 1: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon (451), Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1975, ISBN 0-664-22301-X
- Volume 2: From the Council of Chalcedon /451/ to Gregory the Great /590-604/
- Part One: Reception and contradiction. The development of the discussion about Chalcedon from 451 to the beginning of reign of Justinian, Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1986, ISBN 0-664-22160-2
- Part Two: The Church in Constantinople in the sixth century, Theresia Hainthaler (co-author), John Cawte, Pauline Allen (transl. from German), Louisville, Kentucky – London: Westminster John Knox Press – Mowbray, 1995, p. 565, ISBN 0-664-21997-7 British ed. ISBN 0-264-67261-5
- Part Three: Patriarchates in Jerusalem and Antioch. Armenian and Georgian history of christology. Persian Church ('Nestorians') Not published yet.
- Part Four: The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia, Theresia Hainthaler (co-author), John Cawte, Pauline Allen (transl. from German) (2nd revised ed.), Louisville, Kentucky – London: Westminster John Knox Press – Mowbray, 1996, p. 431, ISBN 0-664-21998-5
- Corley, Felix (6 October 1998). "Obituary: Cardinal Alois Grillmeier". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Obituary on Aloys Grillmeier, in "The Independent" http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/obituary-cardinal-alois-grillmeier-1176420.html
- "Catholic Hierarchy.com", "Aloys Grillmeier" http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bgril.html
- For bibliography see http://www.sankt-georgen.de/lehrende/grillmeier.html.