Alvin S. White
|Alvin Swauger White|
|Born||9 December 1918
|Died||April 29, 2006(aged 87)|
|Other occupation||Test Pilot|
|Selection||1957 MISS Group|
Alvin Swauger White (December 9, 1918 - April 29, 2006) was an American test pilot, engineer, and a USAF astronaut. He flew the maiden flights of both XB-70 Valkyrie aircraft, the first 2,000 mph flight, and all subsequent Mach 3 exploration flights.1
In 1936, he enrolled in the University of California at Davis to study electrical engineering, and transferred to the campus at Berkeley two years later. He began his flying career in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, receiving his license in 1940.2 During World War II, he enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Forces as an Aviation Cadet, graduated from training at Williams Field, Arizona in 1942. He later flew bomber escorts and strafing missions over Europe in the P-51 Mustang with the 355th Fighter Group from D-Day through V-E Day.2
After the war, White completed his degree in Mechanical Engineering at the University of California, and went on to become an engineering test pilot for the U.S. Air Force and North American Aviation.2 He participated in a variety of flight test programs over his career, including the F-86 Sabre jet, the F-100 Super Sabre series, the YF-107 and the X-15.1 In 1958, White was selected for the U.S. Air Force's Man In Space Soonest manned spaceflight program. The program ended early due to financial and technical difficulties. In 1961, he was selected as chief test pilot for the flight test program of the XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's largest supersonic aircraft, piloting the first flights of both planes and taking the aircraft through the build up programs to flight at Mach 3.1 On June 8, 1966, he was the sole survivor of the mid-air collision that destroyed the XB-70 #2 prototype, and killed his co-pilot, Major Carl Cross, USAF, and noted aviator Joe Walker.2 White ejected from the XB-70, sustaining serious injuries, including one arm being crushed as it was caught in the clamshell-like escape capsule as it closed around him just before ejection from the aircraft.
Later in 1966, White joined Trans World Airlines as Manager of Flight Operations, Research and Development.2 In 1969, he became a consultant in the field of aviation and aeronautics, working primarily as an expert witness in accident investigation litigation, requiring simulation of accident flight conditions in a comparable aircraft.2
After 8,500 hours of flying time in over 125 different aircraft, he retired from the ranks of active pilots and settled in Tucson, Arizona. He died in 2006 leaving behind three divorced wives and three children.citation needed
White's military decorations include the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal with nine oak leaf clusters.1 A past President3 and founding member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, White earned some of the top awards for his profession, including the Iven C. Kincheloe Award,4 the Octave Chanute Award,5 and the Harmon Trophy,6 which was presented by President Lyndon B. Johnson. In 1994, he was inducted into the Aerospace Walk of Honor.1
- "1994 Honorees". Aerospace Walk of Honor. City of Lancaster, California. July 13, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- "Obituary: Alvin S. White, 87; Longtime Test Pilot". Los Angeles, California: Los Angeles Times. May 5, 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "SETP Presidents". Lancaster, California: The Society of Experimental Test Pilots. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Iven C. Kincheloe Award Recipients". Lancaster, California: Society of Experimental Test Pilots. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Octave Chanute Award, 1965". Reston, Virginia: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Harmon Trophy Presentation, 1994". Austin, Texas: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library & Museum. Retrieved February 4, 2011.