Baia, Tulcea

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Baia
Commune
Location of Baia
Location of Baia
Baia is located in Romania
Baia
Baia
Location of Baia
Coordinates: 44°43′N 28°40′E / 44.717°N 28.667°E / 44.717; 28.667Coordinates: 44°43′N 28°40′E / 44.717°N 28.667°E / 44.717; 28.667
Country Romania
County Tulcea
Component villages Baia, Camena, Caugagia, Ceamurlia de Sus, Panduru
Government
 • Mayor Nicolae Ionuş (since 2004)
Area
 • Total 198.29 km2 (76.56 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 5,024
 • Density 25/km2 (66/sq mi)
Postal code 827005
Website www.cjtulcea.ro/judet/baia.html (Romanian)

Baia is a commune in Tulcea County, Romania.

Villages

The commune includes five villages:

  • Baia (Hamangia until 1929, Turkish: Hamamci)
  • Camena
  • Caugagia (Turkish: Kavgaci)
  • Ceamurlia de Sus (Yeni Kazak until ca. 1855)
  • Panduru (Potur until 1929)

History

In 1953, archaeological excavations on a site along the Lake Goloviţa, near Baia, led to the discovery of a new Middle Neolithic culture, named after the commune. Further research has shown that the culture, with Mediterranean origins, extended across Dobruja and North-Eastern Bulgaria. The culture's most notable artefact is an anthropomorphic statuette in terra cotta, known as The Thinker, which was discovered at Cernavodă.

References