Borough of Milton Keynes
|Borough of Milton Keynes|
|— Borough —|
|Motto: By knowledge, design and understanding|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Admin HQ||Central Milton Keynes|
|Founded||1 April 1997|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Governing body||Milton Keynes Council|
|• Mayor (ceremonial)||Catriona Morris|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||Conservative Minority|
|• Total||119.16 sq mi (308.63 km2)|
|• Estimate (2009)||236,700|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and borough in the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, at the northern tip of the South East England Region, of which it is the northernmost district.
It borders the non-metropolitan counties of Buckinghamshire (the area under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council), Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynes itself, which accounts for about 33% of its area and 90% of its population.
The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.
It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England it became a self-governing unitary authority, independent from Buckinghamshire County Council.
Following the 2012 local government elections and a later defection by a Conservative councillor to UKIP, the political composition for the council is as follows.
|3 May 2012||19||16||15||1|
The election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'.
This is a table of trend of regional gross value added (GVA) of Milton Keynes at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling (except GVA index).
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services||GVA index per person|
^ 1 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
^ 2 includes hunting and forestry
^ 3 includes energy and construction
^ 4 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^ 5 UK average index base = 100
In 2006 the Office for National Statistics estimated the Borough's population at 224,500, making it the 54th-largest authority in England by population.2 Using Census 2001 data the ONS estimated the population of the contiguous built-up area to be 184,506.3 New 2009 population estimates have been released by the Office for National Statistics. They show that the Milton Keynes population was estimated to be 236,700 in 2009.4 By 2026, the population of the borough is projected to be 323,146.5
In the 2001 census 90.72% of the population described their ethnic origin as white (nationally 90.92%), 3.66% as South Asian (4.58%), 2.41% as black (2.30%), 1.79% as mixed race (1.31%), 1.42% as Chinese and other (0.89%).6 In the same census, 66% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christianity and 30% as not religious or none given, compared to 72% and 22% nationally. A little over two percent of the population follow Islam (3% nationally) and a little over 1% are Hindu (1%), with no other religion above one percent.7
The borough’s population age profile is younger than that for England as a whole, with half of the borough’s population aged under 35 years old (the median age). [Nationally, half of the population is aged less than 38]. The 35-44 year olds in Milton Keynes Borough can be seen as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 35-39 year olds being the largest 5-year age group.8
The urban area accounts for about 33% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of Milton Keynes itself. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes.
The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of Milton Keynes as a whole.
- Bletchley and Fenny Stratford: Brickfields, Central Bletchley, Denbigh, Mount Farm, Fenny Lock, Granby, Fenny Stratford, Water Eaton
- Bradwell: Bradwell, Bradwell Common, Bradwell village, Heelands, Rooksley
- Bradwell Abbey: Bradwell Abbey, Kiln Farm, Stacey Bushes, Two Mile Ash, Wymbush
- Broughton and Milton Keynes (the Village) – a shared parish council: Atterbury, Brook Furlong, Broughton, Fox Milne, Middleton, Milton Keynes, Milton Keynes Village, Northfield, Oakgrove, Pineham
- Campbell Park: Campbell Park, Elfield Park, Fishermead, Newlands, Oldbrook, Springfield, Willen and Willen Lake, Winterhill
- Central Milton Keynes
- Great Linford: Blakelands, Conniburrow, Downs Barn, Downhead Park, Giffard Park, Great Linford, Neath Hill, Pennyland, Tongwell, Willen Park
- Kents Hill, Monkston and Brinklow: Brinklow, Kents Hill, Kingston, Monkston
- Loughton: Loughton, Loughton Lodge, Great Holm, the Bowl
- New Bradwell
- Shenley Brook End: Emerson Valley, Furzton, Kingsmead, Shenley Brook End, Snelshall, Tattenhoe, Tattenhoe Park, Westcroft
- Shenley Church End: Crownhill, Grange Farm, Hazeley, Medbourne, Oakhill, Oxley, Shenley Church End, Woodhill
- Simpson: Ashland, Simpson, West Ashland
- Stantonbury: Bancroft/Bancroft Park, Blue Bridge, Bradville, Linford Wood, Stantonbury, Stantonbury Fields
- Stony Stratford: Fullers Slade, Galley Hill, Stony Stratford
- Walton: Caldecotte, Old Farm Park, Tilbrook, Tower Gate, Walnut Tree, Walton, Walton Hall, Walton Park, Wavendon Gate
- West Bletchley: Far Bletchley, Old Bletchley, West Bletchley.
- Wolverton and Greenleys: Greenleys, Stonebridge, Wolverton, Old Wolverton
- Woughton: Beanhill, Bleak Hall, Coffee Hall, Eaglestone, Leadenhall, Netherfield, Peartree Bridge, Redmoor, Tinkers Bridge, Woughton on the Green, Woughton Park, Woughton village.
- Newport Pagnell lies within the Milton Keynes urban area as defined by the Office for National Statistics but is outside the 1967 'designated area' and is thus generally accepted as separate.
- Bow Brickhill lies within the Milton Keynes urban area as defined by the Office for National Statistics9 although the gap between it and Tilbrook in Milton Keynes is greater than the 200 metres that the ONS regards as the maximum to be regarded as contiguous urban area. It is usually considered a separate village.
The rural area accounts for about 66% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Woburn Sands and Olney are towns. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:
- Caldecote, Castlethorpe, Chicheley, Clifton Reynes, Cold Brayfield
- Hanslope, Hardmead, Haversham
- Lathbury, Lavendon, Little Brickhill, Little Linford, Long Street,
- Newton Blossomville, North Crawley
- Sherington, Stoke Goldington,
- Warrington, Weston Underwood, Woburn Sands
- See List of English districts by population
- Office for National Statistics, Census 2001. "Usual resident population"
- Milton Keynes Statistics Retrieved August 15, 2010
- "Milton Keynes intelligence Observatory".
- Office for National Statistics, 2001. "Key Statistics 06: Ethnic group".
- Office for National Statistics, Census 2001. "Key Statistics 07: Religion".
- http://www.mkiobservatory.org.uk/download.aspx?id=5814&rt=1 Population Bulletin 2007/8 page 17
- Milton Keynes Borough Council
- Map on the Milton Keynes Councils website showing civil parishes in the borough.