Charley Harper (August 4, 1922 – June 10, 2007) was a Cincinnati-based American Modernist artist. He was best known for his highly stylized wildlife prints, posters and book illustrations. Born in Frenchton, West Virginia in 1922, Harper's upbringing on his family farm influenced his work to his last days. He left his farm home to study art at the Art Academy of Cincinnati, and won the academy’s first Stephen H. Wilder Traveling Scholarship. While at the Academy, and supposedly on the first day, Charley met fellow artist Edie Mckee, whom he would marry shortly after graduation in 1947.
Charley and Edie spent their honeymoon traveling the country, mainly in the west and south, being able to do so because of the Stephen H. Wilder Scholarship the Academy awarded to Charley for post-graduate travels. Charley Harper returned to the Art Academy of Cincinnati as a teacher and also worked for a commercial firm before working on his own. He and his wife worked out of their Roselawn and Finneytown homes, and later, with their only child Brett Harper, formed Harper Studios.
During his career, Charley Harper illustrated numerous books, notably The Golden Book of Biology, magazines such as Ford Times, as well as many prints, posters, and other works. As his subjects are mainly natural, with birds prominently featured, Charley often created works for many nature-based organizations, among them the National Park Service; Cincinnati Zoo; Cincinnati Nature Center; Hamilton County (Ohio) Park District; and Hawk Mountain Sanctuary in Pennsylvania. He also designed interpretive displays for Everglades National Park.
In a style he called "minimal realism", Charley Harper captured the essence of his subjects with the fewest possible visual elements. When asked to describe his unique visual style, Charley responded:
When I look at a wildlife or nature subject, I don’t see the feathers in the wings, I just count the wings. I see exciting shapes, color combinations, patterns, textures, fascinating behavior and endless possibilities for making interesting pictures. I regard the picture as an ecosystem in which all the elements are interrelated, interdependent, perfectly balanced, without trimming or unutilized parts; and herein lies the lure of painting; in a world of chaos, the picture is one small rectangle in which the artist can create an ordered universe.2
He contrasted his nature-oriented artwork with the realism of John James Audubon, drawing influence from Cubism, Minimalism, Einsteinian physics and countless other developments in Modern art and science. His style distilled and simplified complex organisms and natural subjects, yet they are often arranged in a complex fashion. On the subject of his simplified forms, Harper noted:
I don't think there was much resistance to the way I simplified things. I think everybody understood that. Some people liked it and others didn't care for it. There's some who want to count all the feathers in the wings and then others who never think about counting the feathers, like me.3
The results are bold, colorful, and often whimsical. The designer Todd Oldham wrote of Harper, "Charley’s inspired yet accurate color sense is undeniable, and when combined with the precision he exacts on rendering only the most important details, one is always left with a sense of awe."4 Charley, on numerous examples, also went outside the medium of graphic art and included short prose poems for the artwork he made.
In 2002 his artwork was selected for the International Migratory Bird Day conservation theme- Exploring Habitats.
In honor of Charley Harper's work, December 8, 2006 was declared "Charley Harper Day" by the mayor of Cincinnati:
CHARLEY HARPER DAY: DECEMBER 8 BY MAYORAL PROCLAMATION
Be It Proclaimed:
Whereas, the brilliantly rich, colorful paintings, prints and illustrations made by artist Charley Harper have delighted Cincinnatians and art lovers around the world since the 1940s; and
Whereas, Charley Harper began his illustrious 60-year career as an artist when he attended The Art Academy of Cincinnati, where he later taught and inspired younger artists; and
Whereas, his bold, stylized images of natural scenes and his whimsical representations of animals have contributed to Charley Harper’s vision of "protecting and preserving nature;" and
Whereas, a new generation of contemporary graphic artists have been moved and inspired by Charley Harper’s simplified, beautiful imagery and his visionary imagination; and
Whereas, Charley Harper’s friendship and mentorship of graphic artist Todd Oldham have inspired the Contemporary Arts Center to exhibit works pairing Cincinnati’s mid-century modernist pioneers and contemporary peers in a 15-month exhibition entitled "Graphic Content: Contemporary and Modern/Art and Design;" and
Whereas, Todd Oldham describes Charley Harper’s work as "a marvel, brilliant in a way I had never seen before," possessing a "lyrically joyous style," "a remarkable and exquisite color sense" and writes that "Charley’s inspired yet accurate color sense is undeniable, and when combined with the precision he exacts on rendering only the most important details, one is always left with a sense of awe,"
Now, Therefore, I, Mark Mallory, Mayor of the City of Cincinnati do hereby proclaim Friday, December 8, 2006 as CHARLEY HARPER DAY in Cincinnati.
In 2003, the Sharonville Fine Arts Council awarded Harper a Lifetime Achievement Award.
- "Artist Charley Harper dies". Retrieved 2013-07-15. "Noted Cincinnati wildlife artist Charley Harper, 84, died Sunday. He had been battling pneumonia off and on for the past few months, said son, Brett. Harper was born in West Virginia in 1922. He arrived in Cincinnati to attend the Art Academy of Cincinnati and never left. He met wife, Edie, also an artist, at the Academy and the two married in 1947 after graduating"
- Lewis, Rick (13 June 2007), Wildlife Artist Charley Harper Dead at 84, retrieved 30 Mar 2009
- Charley Harper, Contemporary Arts Center, 2007 Retrieved on November 7, 2008.
- Oldham, Todd (2007), Charley Harper: An Illustrated Life (Illustrated ed.), AMMO Books, ISBN 978-0-9786076-5-4
- Cornell Lab of Ornithology - Interview about one of Harper's most important works and his process (2006).
- 2007 Exhibition at the Cincinnati Art Museum
- Excerpts from The Golden Book of Biology (1962)
- Charley Harper Official Online Studio