Clifton Hill House
|Clifton Hill House|
Clifton Hill House
|Town or city||Bristol|
|Size||250 student rooms|
|Design and construction|
Clifton Hill House is a grade I listed1 Palladian villa in the Clifton area of Bristol, England which is now used as a hall of residence by the University of Bristol. The warden is Dr. Thomas Richardson, lecturer in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University.
The house was built between 1746 and 1750 for the wealthy merchant and philanthropist Paul Fisher, by Isaac Ware, a nationally renowned architect and translator of Palladio's works. Thomas Paty, later a notable Bristol architect, worked as a mason during its construction. The house stands on a steep slope, so that while only three stories face the street, the five-bay garden front is four stories tall with low wings (both raised from one story to two during the nineteenth century) and a double flight of steps down to the garden. Original rococo plasterwork, by Joseph Thomas, survives in a number of interior rooms.2
The house was later home to the nineteenth century 'man-of-letters', John Addington Symonds, whose father had bought the house in 1851. The university bought the house from the Symonds family in 1909 to create the first hall of residence for women in south-west England.
In 1911, the university bought the adjacent Callandar House, which dates from the late 18th century and is itself grade II listed.3 It was extended in 1920s thanks to the Wills family (regular benefactors to the university) and, along with Old Clifton, continued to house only female residents. Additional land was acquired and in the early 1960s Fry Wing was constructed on 5 floors ("A" to "E" floors) with South Wing following some 10 years later with its 4 floors ("D" to "G" floors). Clifton Hill House now houses approximately 230 students in total, of both sexes.
- Andrew Foyle (2004). Pevsner Architectural Guides: Bristol. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10442-1.
- Walter Ison (1978). The Georgian Buildings of Bristol. Kingsmead Press. ISBN 0-901571-88-1.
- Andor Gomme (1979). Bristol: an Architectural History. Lund Humphries. ISBN 0-85331-409-8.
- Burnside, Annie, 2009, A Palladian Villa in Bristol: Clifton Hill House and the People who Lived There Bristol University Press
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