Daniel Giraud Elliot

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Daniel Giraud Elliot
Daniel Giraud Elliot.jpg
BornMarch 7, 1835
New York City
DiedDecember 22, 1915
Spouse(s)Ann Eliza Henderson
Scientific career

Daniel Giraud Elliot (March 7, 1835 – December 22, 1915) was an American zoologist and the founder of the American Ornithologist Union.[1]


He was born in New York City on 7 March 1835 to George and Rebecca Elliot.[2] In 1858, he married Ann Eliza Henderson.

From 1869 to 1879 he was in London and established strong links to British ornithologists and naturalists.

Elliot used his wealth to publish a series of sumptuous color-plate books on birds and animals. Elliot wrote the text himself and commissioned artists such as Joseph Wolf and Joseph Smit, both of whom had worked for John Gould, to provide the illustrations. The books included A Monograph of the Phasianidae (Family of the Pheasants) (1870–72), A Monograph of the Paradiseidae or Birds of Paradise (1873),[3] A Monograph of the Felidae or Family of Cats (1878) and Review of the Primates (1913).[4]

In 1890 he was President of the American Ornithologists' Union.[2]

In 1899, Elliot was invited to join the elite Harriman Alaska Expedition to study and document wildlife along the Alaskan coast.[5][6]

Elliot was one of the founders of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, of the American Ornithologists' Union and of the Société zoologique de France. He was also curator of zoology at the Field Museum in Chicago.


He died in New York City on December 22, 1915 of pneumonia.[1]


The National Academy of Sciences awards the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal "for meritorious work in zoology or paleontology published in a three- to five-year period. Established through the Daniel Giraud Elliot Fund by gift of Miss Margaret Henderson Elliot."[7]

Selected publications



  1. ^ a b Chapman, Frank M. (January 1917). "Daniel Giraud Elliot". The Auk. 34 (1): 1–10.
  2. ^ a b Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  3. ^ "A monograph of the Paradiseidae or birds of paradise". Archive.org.
  4. ^ Daniel Giraud Elliot (1913). A Review of the Primates. American Museum of Natural History. pp. 42–.
  5. ^ Daniel Giraud Elliot; Edmund Heller (1903). Descriptions of Twenty-seven Apparently New Species and Subspecies of Mammals: All But Six Collected by Edmund Heller. na. pp. 260–.
  6. ^ Goetzmann, W.H. & Sloan, K. (1982). Looking far north: The Harriman expedition to Alaska, 1899. New York: The Viking Press.
  7. ^ "Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal" Archived 2012-10-14 at the Wayback Machine, National Academy of Sciences.
  8. ^ The deer family in libraries (WorldCat catalog)

External links